Educational scientific production pig complex of Mykolayiv National Agrarian University in the system of innovative development of agrarian and industrial complex.

Number, year
2(84), Vol. 2 2015
UNC 001.895:378.147:636.4:631.2

V. Shebanin
A. Novikov
V. Topіha
V. Lihach

Modern state of the economy requires the creation of a new system of innovative development of the agricultural sector “agricultural education-agricultural science-agricultural production” and deepening cooperation between the central and local executive authorities in addressing issues of functioning and development of agricultural education and science. Today there is the problem of training of highly-qualified workers and specialists with higher education and the implementation of domestic scientific development in agriculture. The functioning of the agrarian education and science does not fully conform to the social and economic needs of society, the level of development of production and food security.

One way to solve this problem, in terms of a one higher education institution, is the creation of “Educational-scientific-production pig complex of Mykolayiv national agrarian University” located on the territory of the Komsomolska village council of Mykolayiv region.

The purpose of the article – present the structure of pig complex and reasonable usefulness of its organization and construction for implementing the concept of “agricultural education-agricultural science-agricultural production”.

The aim of the project is the creation of the center of pig production based on the latest national and international developments in the technology of reference of the pig industry, able to ensure the implementation of the three components: training (to consolidate the theoretical knowledge of students, the acquisition of practical skills of performing the various processes and operations, training of technology experts of production of livestock products, providing advisory services); scientific (base for research in the fields of breeding and selection of animals, the technology of production of animal production, genetics, testing the latest technologies and development of recommendations for the production); production (providing the population of the Mykolayiv region and other regions with high quality and environmentally friendly pork of own production; production of high-quality breeding resources for farms of the region and country).

The presented project will be implemented through the use of modern specialized breeds and types of pigs meat productivity in the background of balanced feeding rations of own production. Full mechanization and automation of production processes will allow to minimize the impact of human factors on the result of production and to optimize the structure of production costs.

Given the need for highly qualified personnel in special animal science and production technology and processing of livestock products in the southern region of Ukraine, and the lack of similar educational-scientific-industrial pig farms, it’s time to organize complex on the basis of the Mykolayiv NAU for the draft, which will give the opportunity to improve the effectiveness of training specialist-farmers in the framework of the innovative development of the agricultural sector. (more…)

Еconomic potential of rural areas: theoretical aspects

UNC 332.1:338.439(477)

O.Novikov, Doctor of Economic sciences, Professor
A.Klyuchnyk, Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor
Mykolayiv National Agrarian University

Summing up the scientific opinions on the essence of the researched term, we believe that economic potential is a combination of natural conditions and resources, opportunities, reserves, values ​​and competencies which can be used to achieve certain goals. In the borders of research it was established that fact in the scientific literature the concept of economic potential of rural areas has been considered. We believe that this concept can be seen in three aspects. At first, it is the resources that characterize the area, in order to meet social needs of people; At second, it is the ability of certain rural areas (as a system) to ensure its continuous operation, or the ability of business entities (taking into account climatic and cultural features, using available resources and opportunities in rural areas) to ensure long-term operation and achieve strategic goals. Thirdly, it is the possibility of expanding economic activity in the area and improving its accomplishment by using existing (or involving) recourses. We proposed the model of the structure and relationship of rural areas’ economic potential and their components

Keywords: economic potential, rural areas, the economic potential of rural areas, components of rural areas’ economic potential.

(more…)

Governmental regulation, economic and technical basis of fish keeping complex’s development

4(82), 2015
УДК 657:658.27

I. Kischak
N. Korneva
A. Novikov

The article examines the components of the current situation of Ukrainian fishery industry, its place in the national economy in the sphere of food security. The attention is paid to the role of state regulation of the fishing industry, which provides the laws and regulations for its functioning in the market economy. State regulation in market conditions should be carried out through a system of tariffs, tax, securities, loans, grants, state guarantees to make effective use of fishery water bodies. From the point of view of Ukrainian fishing fleet development, the loss of its capacity in the period 1991 – 2014 was emphasized. The complexity of its recovery was projected. The research results suggest an insufficient consumption of fish and fish products by the population of the state in comparison with rational nutritional standards; filling the domestic market by imported products of dubious quality; the disappearance of a significant number of water bodies; necessity to improve the use of inland water resources. Rational use of inland waters should be based on the experience of the world’s advanced technologies of fish production and management industry. At the same time, it is necessary to develop ecological measures to improve the conditions of the inland waters. In order to ensure food security at the national level it is expected to increase fish production volumes in the priority areas of fisheries due to changes in patterns of interaction between state institutions and business organizations. It gives an opportunity to implement the following components: the governmental stimulation of the fish industry development; balance of economic, legal, technological and environmental criteria reference of fish keeping complex; synergy of science and practice: the subordination of research and development problems with practical principles and objectives of fish production.
(more…)

strategic imperatives of the national fishery development

Number, year
3(79), Vol. 1, 2014
UDC 33:626.88:699.3: (477)

strategic imperatives of the national fishery development

І. Kishcak, Doctor of Economics, professor
Н.Korneva, Candidate of Economics, Associate professor
Mykolayiv National University by B.O. Sukhomlynsky
О.Novikov, Doctor of Economics, Associate professor
Mykolayiv National Agrarian University

The components of restoration and protection structures of living aquatic resources are investigated. The process of inland waters’ restoration for the national fish production is researched. The condition of state support of the industry is studied. The strategic imperatives of the Ukrainian fishery complex’s development are defined.

Keywords: fishery complex, imperative, diversification, state support, strategy. (more…)

Створення конкурентоспроможного підприємства з виробництва свинини на базі Навчально-науково-практичного центру МНАУ

Номер, рік
2(78), 2014

УДК
631.11:636.4(477.73)

Автор
О. Є. Новіков, доктор економічних наук, доцент
В. Я. Лихач, кандидат сільськогосподарських наук, доцент
П. О. Шебанін, аспірант
Миколаївський національний аграрний університет
Ф. А. Бородаєнко, головний технолог
СВК “Агрофірма “Миг-Сервіс-Агро”

Анотація
У статті представлено проект створення конкурентоспроможного підприємства з виробництва свинини та бази для проведення наукової та навчальної діяльності студентів та викладачів в умовах Навчально-науково-практичного центру Миколаївського НАУ. Обладнання приміщень для виробництва свинини планується шляхом перепрофілювання існуючих будівель з найраціональнішим використанням виробничих площ. З урахованням обсягу необхідних витрат на підготовчий та основний періоди та кількості запланованих грошових надходжень строк окупності даного проекту буде становити 5 років.

Ключові слова
свинокомплекс, технологія, проект, реконструкція
(more…)

Особливості визначення плати за землю сільськогосподарського призначення

Номер, рік
2(72), 2013

УДК
338.43.01

Автор
О.Є. Новіков, доктор економічних наук, доцент
Миколаївський національний аграрний університет
Н.О. Корнєва, кандидат економічних наук, доцент
Миколаївський національний університет ім. Сухомлинського

Анотація
У статті обґрунтовано необхідність урахування місця знаходження земельної ділянки при визначенні плати за землю сільськогосподарського призначення. Запропоновано використання коефіцієнтів, що враховують відстань земельної ділянки до ринку збуту та кількість населення району.

Ключові слова
земельна рента, плата за землю, ринки збуту, кількість населення, оподаткування
(more…)