Issue 4 (100), 2018

Title
Content

ECONOMICAL SCIENCES

I. I. Cherven, S. I. Pavliuk. Important directions and problem aspects of agricultural cooperation development in Ukraine
4
I. M. Lesik. Socio-economic aspects of society development
11
N. V. Dobizha, О. B. Pоhrishcyk. Improvement of the agricultural management system on the basis of the logistic approach
18
V. Stamat, A. Smyrnova, N. Savchenko. Consumer behavior at the market of tourist services of the region
23

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

L. K. Antipova, N.V. Tsurkan, A.M. Adamovics, L.A. Poisa. Perennial grasses are an important component of ecological farming and feed production
35
A. V. Panfilova, V.V. Gamayunova. Influence of nutrition optimization on the height and grain yield of spring barley varieties in the Southern Steppe of Ukraine
42
V. Karpenko, O. Korobko. The influence of herbicide and biological preparations on photosynthetic productivity and crop yielding capacity
48
А. І. Kryvenko. Optimization of norms and terms for nutririon of winter wheat with nitrogen fertilizers in the Southern Steppe of Ukraine
55
O. L. Rudik, R. A. Vozhehova. The impact of the measures of a pre-harvest complex on the moisture loss of oil-bearing flax under conditions of the South of Ukraine
62
K. Karpenko, T. Gerasko, S. Vdovenko. Growth and development of tomato varieties in the open field under the influence of biologics
68
Ya. Belov. Directions for optimizing the cultivation of corn seeds in a changing climate
74
S. S. Prorochenko. Root mass accumulation and anti-erosion resistance of soils under meadow grass stands depending on fertilizer
82
A. Kramarenko, S. Kramarenko, N. Kuzmichova. Entropy and information analysis of the growth traits in the Southern Meat cattle breed heifers
88
О. I. Ulevich. Milk productivity of cows in conditions of using sunflower and rapeseed meal in the rations
94
O. Galay, M. Lutsenko. The influence of the technology of preparing cows for milking on installations such as «Carousel» and «Parallel» on the milk yield process
101
S. Sidashova. Reproductive potential of heifer under different schemes of organization of herd reproduction of industrial dairy complex
106
O. Karunsky, K. Garbazhi. Effect of natural feed supplement on the dynamics of live weight of pigs on fattening
112
N. P. Shevchuk. Productive Longevity of Families In the Ukrainian Red Dairy Breed
118

TECHNICAL SCIENCES

O. V. Boichuk, O. V. Tsepurit, I. I. Hilko, S. I. Bohdanov. Calculation of arch frames of variable cross section
123
D. Shareiko, I. Bilyuk, A. Fomenko, O. Savchenko, O. Mayboroda. The intelligent control system of the television camera’s electric drive
128

A. Poltorak. System taxonomy of financial security

UDC 336.1-049.5(477):339.9

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-4

A. Poltorak

Modern economic realities of Ukraine convincingly prove that each year the influence of external and internal threats on the level of financial security is intensified. The mechanism of its provision is characterized by weakness and inefficiency, which entails the need to increase the overall level of protection of the financial system of the state. Beginning with the world financial and economic crisis of 2008-2009, the economic life of most countries of the world has undergone dramatic changes: the stock market is characterized by a prolonged fall, and commercial banks – with liquidity problems.

The main objectives of this study are to analyze the structure of financial security in Ukraine, the legal basis of state policy in the areas of financial security of Ukraine, and to improve the theoretical approach to the interpretation of the category “financial security of the country”.

In the process of analyzing the essence, categorical structure and structure of financial security, the nature of economic knowledge in the security sphere, the following conclusions were made:

  1. The theoretical approach to the interpretation of the category “financial security of the country”, considered as conditions of functioning of the financial system of the country, is quantitatively evaluated by means of generalization of indicators of the state of monetary, currency, banking, budget, tax, debt security and safety of the non-banking financial sector. , in which the action of internal and external threats does not lead to negative processes in this complex system and does not interfere with the creation of favorable financial conditions for its sustainable development.
  2. Having analyzed the genesis of the legal and regulatory framework for financial security, it was concluded that under the conditions for development of science it is necessary to use the synthesis of definitions of “financial security of the state”, a systematic approach to understanding the essence of such a highly structured phenomenon as security in its various manifestations: financial, economic , national, transferring to the legal plane creative scientific potential in order to form a balanced system legal basis, which will enable to form effective m reaction mechanisms to ensure financial security.

Keywords: security, national security, economic security, financial security, financial system, complex system.

References:

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V. Karpenko, S. Pavlyshyn. Activity of antioxidant enzymes in plants of amelcorn under the influence of prima forte 195 herbicide and wuxal BIO Vita plant growth regulator

UDC 577.152.1:[633.112:632.954:631.811.98]

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-10

V. Karpenko
S. Pavlyshyn

The article presents the findings of the research into the influence of different rates of herbicide Prima Forte 195 and its mixtures with plant growth regulator  Wuxal BIO Vita on the activity of main anti-oxidant enzymes (catalase, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase) in the plants of a common amelcorn.

It has been found that under the influence of Prima Forte 195 at the rates of  0.5; 0.6 and 0.7 l/hа applied separately as well as in the mixtures with Wuxal BIO Vita 1.0 l/ha the activity of the enzymes under study increased considerably in a common amelcorn. This indicates that xenobiotic directly affects the state of antioxidant systems, that become active in response to reactive oxygen species, formed as a result of the intensification of metabolic processes in plants.

Field experiments were repeated three times over the period from 2017 to 2018 under conditions of field crop rotation of the Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry and Physiology of  Plants at Uman National University of Horticulture according to the scheme: without the application of preparations (control I); manual weeding during vegetation (control II); Prima Forte 195 at the rates of  0.5; 0.6 and 0.7 l/hа applied separately and in combination with Wuxal BIO Vita 1.0 l/ha at the background of pre-sowing treatment of seed with Wuxal BIO Vita 1.0 l/t and without background.

The application of preparations was carried out at tillering stage with the consumption of the solution 200 l/ha. The analysis of enzymes activity was performed in the laboratory in selected plant samples of field experiment at the stage of leaf-tube formation. The activity of catalase (CF. 1.11.1.6),  peroxidase (CF. 1.11.1.7), polyphenol oxidase (CF. 1.14.18.1) was identified according to the methods, described by Pochynok (1976).

It has been proved that the application of  herbicide Prima Forte 195 at the rates of 0.5 – 0.7  l/ha and Wuxal BIO Vita  at the rate 1.0 l/ha in tank mixtures at the background of pre-sowing treatment  with the same plant growth regulator the seed at the rate of 1.0 l/t causes the increase in the activity of the enzymes belonging to oxidoreductase class – catalase (56,7 – 67,6 %), peroxidase (56,4 – 74,4 %), polyphenol oxidase (28,3 – 44,0 %). This may indicate the increase in the level of detoxification processes in plant organism, that was instigated by the influence of herbicide and aimed at the liquidation of metabolites harmful for plants.

Key words: antioxidant enzymes, catalase, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, herbicide, plant growth regulator, amelcorn

References:

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V. O. Rokotianska. Influence of nanoclayates on the biological completeness of spermatozoids

UDC 636.4:612.8

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-9

V. O. Rokotianska

The experimental data on the effect of ferrous lactate on the qualitative parameters of sperm and the formation of prooxidine-antioxidant homeostasis in the semen of boars is represented.

Experiments were conducted using adult boars of Ukrainian Large White pig breed; they were analogues by age, live weight and the quality of sperm production.

In the experiment, semen samples were divided into three groups. I-group – control. In the experimental groups, solutions contained – 0.15 mg (group II) and 0.3 mg (group III) of ferrous lactate were added. The studied samples were incubated at 38 ° C for 12 and 24 hours.

In the studied samples, the mobility and survival rate of sperm, the number of alive and dead sperm, and also the state of prooxidant-antioxidant homeostasis were determined.

The process of incubating whole sperm for 24 hours leads to a significant reduction in sperm motility by 9% and survival of 9.8%. These reductions in the functional activity of sperm are due to the displacement of prooxidant-antioxidant homeostasis in the direction of accelerating the processes of peroxide oxidation.

Adding 0.15 mg of ferrous lactate to whole sperm samples contributes to a 7% increase in survival of sperm during 12 hours of incubation with a subsequent decrease to 24 hours of incubation. These changes occur against the background of increased activity of catalase by 31,6% and superoxide dismutase 32,3% (p <0,05). Adding ferrous lactate for incubation in the amount of 0,3 mg stimulates the processes of peroxide oxidation – an increase in the concentration of DK 59% (p <0.01) and TBC 20.7% and a decrease in the activity of SOD at 8.06%, which leads to an increase functional activity of sperm. Prolongation of incubation for up to 24 hours leads to a decrease in the number of low molecular weight antioxidants: glutathione 62.3% (p <0.01) and ascorbic acid – 78% (p <0.01) and growth of dehydroascorbic acid at 135.78% (p <0 , 01), which is accompanied by a decrease in mobility of 18,2% (p <0,05) and survival of sperm 35,6% (p <0,01).

Key words: sperm, boars, sperm production, peroxidation, TBA-active complexes, iron lactate.

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T. Pidpala, Ye. Zaitsev. The perspectives for the development of robotized milking systems technology

UDC 636.2.034

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-8

V. A. Lehkodukh
M. M. Lutsenko

The analytic observation of technology “motivated milking” technology is provided. The technology has significantly changed not only the approach to the cows milking, but the technology of milk production on the farm where in the center now is not the farmer but an animal with its physiological and ethological needs. The technology has laid a fundament to the future dairy farming. The history of creation, structure and functioning principle of automated milking systems, their spread in Ukraine and in the world. The main producers of robotized dairy equipment and the advantages and disadvantages of robotized milking technology. A number of proposals was formulated for successful distribution and exploitation of robotized milking systems.

It is known, that the cows milking is the most labour consuming, complicated and responsible process in the milk production technology and makes up to 70% of all production cost. That is why the robotized milking systems have much application during last years in the European countries, since they not only decrease the labour cost but also make free the farmer and he does not need to get up early and to spend most of the time on the farm. Moreover, the robotized systems allow milking according to the physiological needs of a cow and to the amount of milk in the udder.

The basis for this milking technology is the so called “motivated  milking”, when the cows are milked not according the plan, but according the desire of the animal, when all functions related to the milking reach their maximal level. Such technology ensures physiological need of a cow in the number of milking compared to the traditional technology of planned milking (two- or three times milking).

The main advantage of milking robots compared with traditional systems is their ability of 24 hours operation of which 21 hours they are at disposal for voluntary milking. Three hours are needed for 2 cycles washing and cleaning of laser sensor.

The other advantages of the robotized cows milking can be the following:

  • The increase of milk yield of the dairy cattle;
  • Considerable improvement of milk quality according to all ecological requirements for safe production. Accordingly better quality influenced the price;
  • Improvement of animal husbandry conditions, decrease of cow diseases e.g. mastitis and extension of their production period;
  • Saving of materials and construction of milking parlor;
  • Efficient and flexible working time use and decrease of labour volume factor in the production cost;
  • Profitability increase of milk production in general.

One of the main obstacles hampering the robotized milking in Ukraine and in the world is its high cost. As to the comparative criterion of cost relation for one conventional place calculated per one cow, the robotized stations of voluntary milking yield very much to the similar modern automated milking parlor, even within the same company’s equipment line.

Only agro-holdings or big agricultural enterprises in Ukraine can afford a robotized system of voluntary milking. Equipment cost has considerably grown after hryvna devaluationduring recent years, however it is not unaffordable for an investor aiming at production of high quality milk.

The robotized milking technology is promising for the dairy animal farming in Ukraine. It relieves the farmer of hard work, it is the most physiologically adapted to the animal, it improves production control and management and ensures high milk quality.

Thus, for a broad introduction of this system in the next years, it is necessary the following: the government support for creation new farms with robotized milking systems, in particular development of farm projects of various type and size, by construction of new farms and reconstruction of existing ones; creation of high productivity herds able to accept the robotized milking; training of highly qualified staff for servicing the robotized milking systems; research of new materials for robotized milking systems, which would  make considerably cheaper the equipment and make it more affordable for the dairy producers.

Key words: milking robot, “intellectual farm”, “motivated milking”, dairy cattle breeding, innovative technologies.

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T. Panasova, S. Kulynych, R. Lysanets. The efficiency of electrometric method of estrus detection in cows.

UDC 636.2.09-072:612.6

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-7

T. Panasova
S. Kulynych
R. Lysanets

The research of efficiency of electrometric method of estrus detection in cow compared to visual-clinical method has been conducted. For this purpose, two groups of animals were taken: both groups with 18 heads of cows. The estrus of the animals of the experimental group was registered by detecting the change in electrical resistance of the estrous mucus with the help of the «Draminski» detector of estrous cycles and early pregnancy. The indicator of electrical resistance 220-230 s.u. serves as a criterion of estrus. In the control group, estrus was detected by registering a “reflex of motionless state”, when the animal in heat period was calm, allowing to be covered. Insemination of cows of both groups was carried out using a recto-cervical method with defrosted semen: of the experimental group – once, of control group – twice. After the first and second insemination, 72.2% of cows in the experimental group and 61% in the control group were fertilized, and the other animals were unfertilized.
Money expenditure on fertilization of one cow consisted of the cost of a sperm dosage, the cost of labour of an artificial breeding technician and his/her assistant and amounted to 197 UAH in the experimental group, 365 UAH – in the control one. The total cost of fertilization of cows of the experimental group amounted to 5516 UAH, of the control group – 9715 UAH.
The economic damage from the infertility of the cows of both groups include losses from the lack of calves and milk. Calculating the economic damage from the loss of the offspring included the cost of a calf was 900 UAH. Thus, in the experimental group, the losses amounted to 4500 UAH, in the control group – 6300 UAH. In the calculation of the economic losses from lack of milk, it was believed that during each day of infertility 3 litres of milk were lost, and the market value of a litre of milk was 10 UAH. In the experimental group, the losses amounted to 20580 UAH, in the control group – 29460 UAH.
The economic effect of one hryvnia on the cost of production of one calf was calculated by dividing the cost of a calf into money expenditure on fertilization. So, in the experimental group it was 4.57 UAH, in the control group – 2.68 UAH.

Key words: cows, estrus detection in cows, electrometric method.

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T. Pidpala, Ye. Zaitsev. Productive longevity of dairy cattle of Holstein breed of different selection

UDC 623.2.082

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-6

T. Pidpala
Ye. Zaitsev

Extension of the life expectancy of the economic use of cows and their lifelong productivity is an important component of the genetic improvement of dairy cattle. Our research determines the life expectancy and productive longevity and the lifelong productivity in Holstein breed cows of German and Ukrainian breeding. For the duration of life and economic use the imported cows were slightly inferior to the animals of Ukrainian selection. The difference was 43.8 and 30.6 days, respectively. At the same time, they had a small unproductive period and the age of the first calving was 806.7 days, which is 13.1 days less than at the same age in the Holstein breed of Ukrainian breeding.

However, according to indicators of lifetime productivity, the imported cows dominated Ukrainian breeding animals. By life long milk yield, the advantage number was 574 kg of milk, but the difference was unlikely. According to the lifetime of milk fat and milk protein indicators the best cows were imported Нolstein cows.

For such signs as milk yield for one day, milk yield of economic use for one day, the number of used lactation and the coefficient of economic use all these best developed indicators were established in the Holstein cows of German selection. Their advantage, respectively, was 0.9 kg (P> 0.95); 1.5 kg (P> 0.99); 0.1 pc and 0,7% in comparison with cows of the Holstein breed of Ukrainian breeding.

A comparative correlation analysis has established a different level and direction of connections in cows of the Holstein breed of German and Ukrainian breeding. It is logical to have a highly reliable positive high level of life expectancy connection between the life expectancy, the length of economic use and the signs of lifelong productivity. So, this is typically for both imported animals and for Ukrainian breeding cows. This indicates at the possibility in breeding the extension of life expectancy and economic use of dairy cattle of Holstein breed and improving lifelong productivity.

Keywords: Holstein breed , selection, cows, sign, longevity, lifetime productivity, correlation.

References:

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О. Kupchyshina. Monitoring of regulatory policy in the agricultural sector of economic of Ukraine

UDC 657.22

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-5

О. Kupchyshina

The purpose of our research is to monitor regulatory policy in the agricultural sector of Ukraine. State-run programs are a comprehensive instrument of direct influence of the state on the development of the agrarian sector, for which the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine is responsible for the development, implementation and evaluation of efficiency.

In order to assess the level of regulatory policy in Ukraine, we used elemental analysis of one of the most sought after and weighty global ratings – the Global Competitiveness Index.

Data analysis showed that during 2006-2017 respondents rated the agrarian policy in Ukraine not highly in the ranking of global competitiveness – by 2015 the average score did not exceed the half-value of 3.5 points. At the same time, there is a tendency to increase the evaluation of agrarian policy, as evidenced by the linear trend of the data presented.

Tax policy is one of the key factors in effective regulatory policy in the agrarian sector, as the relationship between tax burden, taxation and economic system performance is evident.

The data of the Doing Business rating (sub-index “Taxation”) indicate a constant reduction of the tax burden on enterprises in Ukraine for the period of availability of data (since 2006). Both the general tax burden and wage taxation are reduced. The greatest progress in the regulatory sphere is achieved by the indicator of time expenditures on taxation, which confirms the success of the deregulation process in this area in 2006-2018. However, this situation with a decrease in the level of taxation and deregulation of taxation was not always observed. Since the beginning of the 1990s, Ukraine’s agriculture has suffered significant losses as a result of the continuous increase in the government’s fiscal pressure on the economy.

Significant easing of tax pressure was due to the revival of agricultural enterprises. A feature of the tax regulation of agrarian enterprises is also the taxation of wages in farms. According to the current legislation, there are no wage requirements at least equal to the minimum wage and there is no single social contribution.

Key words: regulatory policy, agrarian sector, tax policy, fiscal burden, state regulation.

O. Lazarieva. Strategy of Sustainable Land-Tenure Development at the Regional Level

UDC 332.2.031:005.21

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-3

O. Lazarieva

The article analyses the treatises of scientists who studied the problem of the sustainable development and its various strategies; and the foreign experience of implementation of sustainable development strategy.

Also in the article the stages of the land owner strategy creation in the conditions of the sustainable development of regions are defined.

It was concluded that the overall goal of the strategy as a means of sustainable development of regions should be implemented through the implementation of the main directions of the public land policy, the creation of favorable conditions for sustainable development through regional planning, the development of highly effective, competitive land use in the innovative development context.

 The implementation of such sustainable development strategies of the regions is defined as: the strategy for effective use of the existing regional natural-resources potential; the strategy for the land management development; the strategy for marketing collateral of the land use; the strategy for economic stimulation of sustainable development; the strategy for staffing improving; the strategy for the favorable investment climate creation in the amalgamated communities.

The features of the proposed strategies are described.

It is noted that in order to achieve a sustainable level of land use it is necessary to lay down a regional program for the land use and protection within a certain region, to implement program for the top soil restoring and for the natural-resources potential and keeping it at the proper level.

The personal standpoint of the sustainable development strategy of the regions is presented, which will help to create a favorable investment climate through the achievement of regional attractiveness, to increase the farm production efficiency through the use of resource efficient technologies, to diversify the rural economy through the dispersal of rural activities.

Keywords: strategy, sustainable development, foreign experience, sustainable development strategies, stages of the strategy creation, environmental production, investment climate, region.

N. Potryvaieva, O. Lugova, N. Janovsjka, Ju. Klochan. International standards of financial reporting as the basis of accounting development in the conditions of globalization of the economy

UDC 657.22

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-2

N. Potryvaieva, Doctor of Economics Sciences, Professor
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9781-6529
O. Luhova, Candidate of Economic Sciences
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4432-0295
N. Janovsjka, Higher Education Learners
Ju. Klochan, Higher Education Learners
Mykolayiv National Agrarian University

The article reveals the role of international standards of financial reporting in the process of globalization of the world economy. The analysis of the preconditions and stages of the transition to the international standards of financial reporting is presented. The results of application of international accounting standards are described, their advantages are formulated. The problems of introduction of international standards of financial reporting in the national accounting system of Ukraine are determined.

Key words: globalization of the economy, accounting, international financial reporting standards, statements’ users.

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