Kim N. Generalized indicator of qualimetry objects quality of various nature

UDC 005.336.3:005.585


Kim N.


The production of high-quality goods enables Ukrainian products to enter European and international markets, which in turn stimulates national producers to produce competitive products along with high-quality foreign counterparts. Promoting competitive high-quality products on European and world markets will strengthen the national currency, which in turn will contribute to the growth of Ukraine’s economy, create favorable conditions for business development, fair competition, and improve the life and health of the population.

Leaders of the world economy have proved that to achieve high goals in the field of quality requires a constant process of evaluation, research and management. Objects of qualimetry have a different nature, and it is not always possible to measure their quality indicators, they have to be evaluated by various existing methods [1]. Even measuring the quality index using the measured technique is an assessment. Objects of different nature can include products, services, products, processes, systems or anything that is subject to evaluation in order to manage its quality.

To maintain a high level of product quality, there should be a single approach to evaluation that will be applied at all stages of the production cycle. A typical production cycle includes the stages of its creation from raw materials to finished products. Each of these stages has its own quality indicators set in regulations of different levels and periods of publication with different units of measurement.

It is not always advisable to increase all product quality indicators. Products must be competitive, that is ratio of quality and price must meet the requirements of consumers. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize the requirements for product quality indicators. It consists in defining and establishing such values of quality indicators, at which the set goal in the field of quality is most economically and quickly achieved without violating the current restrictions, that is laws or regulations.

As a method of optimization, a method based on the use of generalized quality indicators is proposed. This approach achieves a number of advantages, including increasing the methodological reliability of quality assessment, reducing the list of controlled indicators, the possibility of unification of diagnosis, etc.

 Key words: generalized quality indicator, qualimetry objects, form parameter, quality indicators assessment.


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Marian G., Gelu I., Istrati B., Gudîma A., Nazar B., Pavlenco A., Banari A., Daraduda N. Quality of pellets produced from agricultural wood residues specific to the Prut river basin

UDC 662.638


Marian G.

Gelu I.

Istrati B.

Gudîma A.

Nazar B.

Pavlenco A.

Banari A.

Daraduda N.


This paper presents an overview of the prospects for the use of agricultural wood residues, specific to the climatic zone adjacent to the Prut River and the qualitative characteristics of densified solid biofuels in the form of pellets produced from the main types of the agricultural wood biomass, taken from agricultural plantations in the Republic of Moldova and Botosani, Iasi, Vaslui and Galați counties in Romania. The aim of the paper is to establish the energy potential of the main indigenous agricultural wood residues and to analyze the quality of the pellets produced from these residues.

The research results showed that the pellets produced from the studied agricultural residues mainly meet ENPlus 3 requirements for most qualitative parameters, except for those produced from blackberry and currant residues. Residues from the prunning of some types of fruit shrubs can be used to produce pellets by creating mixtures of different proportions, and their qualitative characteristics can be significantly improved by thermo-chemical pre-treatment of the raw material.

Keywords: plant biomass, densified solid biofuels, pellets, biofuel, energy potential, agricultural wood residues.


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Hruban V., Havrysh V., Kalinichenko A. The determining of the force for corn-cobs separation

UDC 636.3:636.083.37/575.22:636.3.082.2


Hruban V.

Havrysh V.

Kalinichenko A.


There has been an increase in the demand for corn in the world. Its production requires the use of high-performance agricultural machinery, including combines. Modern corn harvesters have high grain losses and, therefore, their main apparatuses must be improved. Known methods for the separation of corn cobs have been analyzed. Designing corn harvesters requires specific knowledge, including the mechanical properties of the crop itself. For this reason, a literary analysis was carried out to study the physical and mechanical properties of corn stalks and cobs. The impact of a number of factors such as mechanical and physical properties of stalks, the mechanical forces exerted through the harvester combine, plant curvature, and pick-up cobs, etc. on the cutting process have been found from previous researches. The aim of this article is the theoretical justification of forces for corn cobs separation. To achieve this aim, a mathematical model which takes into account the complex combination of several forces has been developed. The technological process of corn-cobs separation is considered as the combination of different forces, and the valuation of the resulting tension was done. The results of the simulation were compared to experimental data to verify this model. The wave theory has proved to be more accurate compared to the static model. The results of the theoretical research for corn-cobs separation from stems are given. The experimental results made it possible to refine the mathematical model. Further research will be focused on the intensification of this process by the integration of stretching the stalk together with its twisting.

Key words: corn, cob, separation, cob separation system, mathematical model.


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Iovenko V., Hladii I. The growth, development and meat qualities characteristics of different genotypes lambs

UDC 636.3:636.083.37/575.22:636.3.082.2


Iovenko V.

Hladii I.


The growth and development of young animals and the efficiency of crossing ewes the Ascanian Fine-Fleeced breed (AFF) with ram-sires of Texel (AFFxT) and Merinolandschaf (AFFxM) were studied. It was found that hybrid lambs AFF × T have a significantly higher live weight at birth – 5.8 kg against 4.7 kg in purebred peers. The revealed difference for these lambs remained in the following ontogenesis periods. In general, from birth to 6 months of age, the average daily gain increase in ram-lambs AFF × T was higher compared to purebreds and crossbreeds AFF × M by 16.6 and 6.4%, respectively. When estimating the growth rate of livestock during the rearing period, it was shown that AFFxT youngling  probably prevailed in the average daily gains of AFF analogues by 26.1 g, and AFFxM by 9.6 g. over lambs the other two groups on such parameters, as height in buttocks, breast width, breast depth, oblique length of a trunk, a breast girth,  which are completely confirmed by body structure indices. In particular, at birth and at the age of two, four and six months, these youngling had higher thoracic and massiveness indices. The uniformity index showed that these crossbreeds grew more evenly and had the highest value of this indicator, compared with animals of other experimental groups. In contrast to purebred Merino peers in the early postembryonic period, they are characterized by significantly higher parameters of live weight gain, growth intensity, growth stress, as well as the young mutton meat qualities better characteristics. In contrast to purebred Merino peers in the early postembryonic period, they are characterized by significantly higher parameters of live weight gain, growth intensity, growth stress, as well as the young mutton meat qualities better characteristics.  In general, it was found that crossbreeding had a positive effect on the young animals’ meat parameters in the early post-embryonic period. The ram-lambs obtained from crossing Ascanian Fine-Fleeced ewes with Texel and Merinolandschaf are characterized by a high rate of growth and development, a better level of live weight gain compared to purebred peers. Nevertheless, the most effective combination is observed with the Texel breed, so it is advisable to use these ram-sires to increase the young animals live weight of sheep new created genotype and getting   the youngling with better quality mutton.

Key words: sheep, genotype, live weight, linear parameters, growth rate.


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Gutyansky R., Popov S., Kostromitin V., Kuzmenko N., Gluboky O. The influence of basic tillage and fertilizer on weediness of sunflower crops

UDC 633.854.78:631.5:632.51


Gutyansky R.

Popov S.

Kostromitin V.

Kuzmenko N.

Gluboky O.


In the eastern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine, according to the research of 2016– 18 in the  crops of sunflower after spring cereals as forecrops placed in the last place in a stationary, nine-course, steam-grain-row rotation field 42 species of weeds and contaminants were found. Setaria glauсa (L.) Beauv., Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Roem. et Schult., Chenopodium album L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., Solanum nigrum L., Portulaca oleracea L., Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Polygonum lapathifolium L., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Convolvulus arvensis L. were the basic species of weeds in crops. Besides these weeds, Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A. Love, Panicum miliaceum var. ruderale Kitag., Xanthium strumarium L., Cyclachaena xanthifolia (Nutt.) Fresen., Malva neglecta Wallr., Thlaspi arvense L., Vicia villosa Roth., Setaria viridis (L.) Beauv., Avena fatua L., Stachys annua L., Polygonum aviculare L., Orobanche cumana Wallr., Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Senecio vernalis Waldst. et Kit., Erigeron canadensis L., Sisymbrium Loeselii L., Viola arvensis Murr., Stellaria media (L.) Vill., Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke, Conium maculatum L., Sonchus arvensis L., Artemisia vulgaris L., Cichorium intybus L., Lappa major Gaertn., Taraxacum officinale Web. et Wigg, Trifolium pratense L., Linaria vulgaris Mill., Rumex crispus L., Lactuca tatarica (L.) С. А. Мey. were basic species in the crops. Triticosecale Witt., Hordeum vulgare L. and Triticum L. were fall from the seeds of field crops.

The use of herbicides in sunflower crops has significantly affected on dominance and subdominance indices of certain weed species over the years of research. Thus, in 2016 and 2018, dicotyledonous perennial species were the largest according to the total mass of weeds, in 2017 annual cereals were.

In sunflower crops the most weeds and contaminants were found in the variants without fertilizers at plowing (control) and using intensive organic-mineral background at chiseling. Thus, in the variants with plowing in the control, organic background (application of manure 30 t / ha for corn and black steam field), organic background + N15P15K15 and organic background + N30P30K30, 29, 23, 21 and 23 species of weeds and contaminants were found respectively, and 27 species were found  by chiseling (organic background + N30P30K30 ). For the most part, the type of weediness of sunflower crops in the control variants differed from the type of weediness in the fertilized variants. In general the level of weediness of sunflower crops by plowing was from medium to strong and by chiseling was from strong to very strong.

Key words: sunflower, crop rotation, tillage, fertilizers, weeds, herbicides.


  1. Peretiatko, I. V. (2013). Ekonomichna efektyvnist vyrobnytstva soniashnyku v silskohospodarskykh pidpryiemstvakh Ukrainy [Economic efficiency of sunflower production in agricultural enterprises of Ukraine]. Visnyk Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii, 2, 175-179 [in Ukrainian].
  2. Tkalich, I. D., Hyrka, A. D., Bochevar, O. V., & Tkalich, Yu. I. (2018). Ahrotekhnichni zakhody pidvyshchennia urozhainosti nasinnia soniashnyku v umovakh Stepu Ukrainy [Agrotechnical measures to increase the yield of sunflower seeds in the steppe of Ukraine]. Zernovi kultury, 2, 1, 44-52 [in Ukrainian]. doi: /
  3. Havryliuk, Yu., & Matsai, N. (2019). Shkodochynnist burianiv u posivakh soniashnyku v umovakh Livoberezhnoho Stepu Ukrainy [Harmfulness of weeds in sunflower crops in the conditions of the Left Bank Steppe of Ukraine]. Visnyk Lvivskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Ahronomiia, 23, 61–66 [in Ukrainian]. doi: /
  4. Kurdiukova, O. M., & Melnyk, N. O. (2010). Urozhainist soniashnyku zalezhno vid rivnia zaburianenosti y tryvalosti rostu malorichnykh burianiv u posivakh [Sunflower yield depends on the level of weeds and the duration of growth of perennial weeds in crops]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho derzhavnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Silskohospodarski nauky, 1, 11-14 [in Ukrainian].
  5. Babenko, A. I. (2017). Vplyv zaburianenosti na urozhai ta yakist nasinnia soniashnyku [Influence of weeds on yield and quality of sunflower seeds]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats «Naukovyi visnyk NUBiP Ukrainy». Ahronomiia, 269, 90-98 [in Ukrainian].
  6. Popova, M. M., Bolduiev, V. I., & Borysyk, O. D. (2004). Produktyvnist soniashnyku zalezhno vid terminu povernennia yoho na poperednie mistse [Productivity of sunflower depending on the term of its return to the previous place]. Visnyk ahrarnoi nauky Prychornomoria, 1, 1, 132-134 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Kurdiukova, O. M., & Tyshchuk, O. P. (2021). Chornoshchyr netrebolystyi (Cyclachaena xanthifolia (Nutt.) Fresen.): zapasy nasinnia, dynamika skhodiv, metody kontroliu [Cyclachaena xanthifolia (Nutt.) Fresen.: seed stocks, seedling dynamics, control methods]. Karantyn i zakhyst roslyn, 1, 40-43 [in Ukrainian]. doi: /
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  9. Kovalenko, A. M. (2018). Rozmishchennia soniashnyka v sivozminakh korotkoi rotatsii u Pivdennomu Stepu [Placement of sunflower in short crop rotations in the Southern Steppe]. Novitni tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur: Tezy dopovidei VI Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii molodykh vchenykh (29 bereznia 2018, Kyiv). Vinnytsia: Nilan-LTD, 91-93 [in Ukrainian].
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Clausen O., Patryeva L. The Danish model of organic agriculture

UDC 631.147(489)


Clausen O.

Patryeva L.


10 % of Danish farms are organic. They cultivate 11% of the agricultural land in Denmark. They produce good healthy raw materials with the utmost care for the environment, biodiversity and animal welfare.The Danish consumers are the most pro-organic consumers in the world. In fact, Denmark has the world’s highest organic share and the most well-developed organic market. More than half of the Danes – more specifically 51.4 percent – buy organic food every single week. The unique and governmentally certified Ø-label has been very important for the widespread success that organic food products have achieved in Denmark. A high standard of food safety, healthy quality food and a unique organic control system are the main reasons why exports of organic food products have increased year on year.Denmark has a long tradition of having a public food control system – from “farm to fork” – that is important for the high confidence that consumers have in the organic control system and organic products.Paving the way to success – cooperation, policy development, organic research. More than 20 years of targeted research has contributed to the success of organic production in Denmark.General reasons for buying organic food: safe, healthy and natural food – without synthetic flavorings, colorants and sweeteners; GMOs are prohibited;good animal welfare – natural behavior with access to outdoor areas; protection of the environment and drinking water – chemical pesticides are prohibited; strong focus on sustainability; high consumer confidence in organic food due to state certification system; food trends – local, healthy & natural, and ”easy-to-make”.

Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems, and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic Agriculture combines tradition, innovation, and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and good quality of life for all involved.

Keywords: organic agriculture, Danish model, regulations, control.


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Issue 1 (109), 2021

Cover sheet



Ostrovska H. Іndustrial enterprises intellectual resources management in а knowledge-based economy 4
Babiak N., Krutous N. CVP-analysis in the conditions of multiproduct manufacturing as a tool of operational controlling 11
Zamorskyi V., Kamedzko T., Manushkina T., Samoilenko M., Buchilov V. Productivity of the mother root and cutting garden of the pumiselect clone rootstock in the Steppe of Ukraine 20
Polevoy A., Kostiukievych T., Tolmachova А., Zhygailo О. The impact of climatic changes on forming the corn productivity in the western forest-steppe of Ukraine 29

Аlmashova V., Onishenko S., Yevtushenko О. Influence of vegetable pea seed treatment with boron and molybdenum on plant growth and development depending on sowing period


Kostetska K., Ulianych I., Zheliezna V., Holubiev M.Engineering in the technology of manufacture of extruded feed additives

Clausen O., Patryeva L. The Danish model of organic agriculture 53
Gutyansky R., Popov S., Kostromitin V., Kuzmenko N., Gluboky O. The influence of basic tillage and fertilizer on weediness of sunflower crop 60
Iovenko V., Hladii I. The growth, development and meat qualities characteristics of different genotypes lambs 69

Hruban V., Havrysh V., Kalinichenko A. The determining of the force for corn-cobs separation

Marian G., Gelu I., Istrati B., Gudîma A., Nazar B., Pavlenco A., Banari A., Daraduda N. Quality of pellets produced from agricultural wood residues specific to the Prut river basin 84
Kim N. Generalized indicator of qualimetry objects quality of various nature 94

Kostetska K., Ulianych I., Zheliezna V., Holubiev M. Engineering in the technology of manufacture of extruded feed additives

UDC  658.512:620.2:636.085


Kostetska K.

Ulianych I.

Zheliezna V.

Holubiev M.


The aim of the article was to expand the range of animal feed. The article presents data on the improvement of the technology of developed feed mixtures from grain and a number of components of fruits and vegetables.

Work was carried out in the laboratories of the Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain and the Department of Biology of Uman National University of Horticulture as well as the Department of Storage and Processing of Grain of National University of Food Technologies.

The technology of extruded feed mixture production has been improved. The technology consists in preliminary preparation of raw materials: cleaned, crushed, its dosage according to the composition, mixing and special processing to improve technological properties and increase feed value with processes: premixing, aging and extrusion of the mixture, cooling and grinding depending on feed purpose.

The production methods of feed additives are different and depend on the enterprises that produce and on the physical and technological properties of raw materials. It has been proven that in feed mills, extruded feed mixtures can be introduced using a meal line if they come to the plant from other producers, and an extrusion line if it is provided at the plant.

The technology of feed additives with the use of fruit and vegetable raw materials has been improved: table beets, carrots, parsnips, potatoes. Engineering in the technology of production of feed additives is the preliminary preparation of cereals and vegetables: cleaning, grinding, dosing, mixing, aging and extrusion of mixtures according to the composition of the recipe, cooling and grinding of the extrudate.

A method for introducing vegetable raw materials into compound feeds has been developed, which includes cleaning vegetable raw materials in washing machines, extracting juice with simultaneous grinding, mixing 5-10% of pomace with grain and wet-heat treatment of the mixture by extrusion.

Keywords: grain, fruit and vegetable raw materials, feed additives, extrusion technology, engineering.


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  5. Kostetska, V., Ulyanych, І. F., Holubiev, М. І. (2018). Chemical composition of the extruded product of a mixture of corn grain, barley with fruit and vegetable components. Collected Works of Uman NUH, 92, 109-119. (Ukrainian).
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  7. Kostetska, V. (2018). The optimal diameter of the hole of the die of the extruder during the production of extruded feed mixtures: materials of the international scientific-practical conference “Innovative technologies in crop production: problems and their solutions”. Zhytomyr, 301-304. (Ukrainian).
  8. Osokina, N. M., Kostetska, V. (2016). Physical and mechanical properties and quality indicator of barley. Bulletin of Uman NUH, 2, 48-51.
  9. Martynenko, Ya. F. (1975). Industrial production of compound feed. М.: Кolos, 216 p. (Russian).
  10. Rules for organizing and maintaining the technological process of production of mixed feed products. К., 1990. 20 p. (Ukrainian).
  11. Shapovalenko, O. I. Yevtushenko, O. O., Ulyanich, I. F. (2012). Grain extrusion with the addition of vegetable feed components. Grain storage and processing, 11, 62-64. (Russian).


Аlmashova V., Onishenko S., Yevtushenko О. Influence of vegetable pea seed treatment with boron and molybdenum on plant growth and development depending on sowing period

UDC 635.6:631.8


Аlmashova V.

Onishenko S.

Yevtushenko О.


The article is devoted to the study of the use of the nutrients boron and molybdenum in the main phases of vegetable pea development. It is known that the lack of these nutrients in the process of plant growth and development can lead to the formation of agricultural products of poor quality, as well as the formation of deteriorated organoleptic qualities or low productivity. In this regard, special attention should be paid to the pre-sowing treatment of crop seeds when growing agricultural crops, in order to obtain high and stable yields. This article scientifically substantiates and proves the possibility of obtaining high-quality environmentally friendly products of vegetable peas applying certain specific rates of boron and molybdenum fertilizers. The results of our studies show that the tendency to an increase in the number of complex leaves under the influence of seed treatment with boron and molybdenum in different combinations was observed in all the variants of the experiment for both sowing periods. On the basis of the conducted research, the schedule of modeling of the influence of seed treatment with boron and molybdenum on productivity and the achievement of technical ripeness of peas is developed.

In the course of the research it was noticed that in the period of the development of generative organs seed treatment with microelements almost does not affect the length of interphase periods. During the research, we also found that the number of flowers and beans over the years of the research, both in early and late sowing, did not differ significantly, but the influence of the factors under study on them was significant. An increase in the yield in our experiments was due to the number of beans per plant, rather than the number of seeds per bean.

Analysis of the experimental data shows that the treatment of peas with boron and molybdenum, as well as sowing dates significantly affect the timing of the technological phase of the crop maturity, as observed by other researchers.

Keywords: vegetable peas, nutrients, boron and molybdenum fertilizers, physiological processes, plant organ formation, leaf surface index.


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Polevoy A., Kostiukievych T., Tolmachova А., Zhygailo О. The impact of climatic changes on forming the corn productivity in the western forest-steppe of Ukraine

UDC 633.15:551.583


Polevoy A.

Kostiukievych T.

Tolmachova А.

Zhygailo О.


Any change in climatic conditions affects agriculture and crop production, above all. Cereals reach their peak yields only when certain environmental conditions are combined. The stages of their life cycle depend on specific events and specific time, they cannot help but respond to violations of the usual order of things. Raising the temperature makes seeds germinate earlier, and plants grow faster – the duration of the interphase periods is reduced. At higher temperatures, grain crops do not have enough time to form a sufficient amount of biological material, which in turn can lead to a decrease in the yield.

Reliable provision of the country population with food is of strategic importance in the context of the global world financial and economic crisis. Solving the problem of food security, corn grain plays a special role as the most important and socially significant product.

Scientists are developing future climate predictions using general circulation models in which the concentration of greenhouse gases changes. Since it is impossible to know their exact future concentrations, these general circulation models are run with different potential scenarios of greenhouse gas concentrations. These scenarios are referred to as representative concentration paths (RCP).

The article presents the results of assessing the impact of climate changes on the corn productivity formation in the western forest-steppe of Ukraine. For studying the RCP6.0 scenario of possible climate changes for the period up to 2050 was used. A dynamic model of the agricultural crops productivity developed by Polevoy A.M. was used as a research apparatus.

An analysis of the agroclimatic conditions for corn growing showed that the growing season under the climatic changes conditions will take place against a background of significantly increased temperatures and reduced precipitation in the middle and at the end of the growing season. On the contrary, precipitation is expected to increase by 41% at the beginning of the growing season. The expected increase in the air temperature during the growing season can lead to a reduction in the interphase periods and the growing season in general (by 8%), which will affect the corn yield.

Calculating the indicators of the corn crops photosynthetic productivity showed that an increase in the leaf area under the climatic changes conditions will lead to a decrease in productivity. Against a background of the increased temperatures, the increase in CO2 will not be able to sufficiently compensate for the losses. Thus, according to the RCP 6.0 scenario, the corn grain yield is expected to decrease by 11%, and under the RCP 6.0 scenario + СО2 – by 2%.

 Keywords: corn, climate change, crop productivity, leaf area, RCP 6.0 scenario.


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