An Estimation of the full value of protein food of forages for pigs.

UDC 636.4.085.55

А. Rayhman


In forages an algorithm used to establish the presence of an “ideal” protein is developed for pigs on the basis of the data on norms of the content of essential amino acids in compound feeds and their contents in the basic forages. The interrelation of the first limiting amino acid with norm of requirement compounds number of complete sets of an “ideal” protein in a forage. Under the content ranging of forages is made to them of an “ideal” protein and its cost. In the manufacture of pork the greatest food costs , are going to energy and forage protein. The animals unequally use the proteins of forages. The over expenditure of a protein on manufacture of cattle-breeding production explains by losses amino-acids owing to their surplus concerning a level first limiting amino-acid.
It was proved, that the definition of a level of amino-acids of structure of forages to norms of the contents irreplaceable amino-acids in compound feeds for pigs allows us to give a closer estimation of amino-acids and nutritiousness of forages.
First limiting amino-acid in a grain of cereal cultures, and raps, sunflower meal is lysine, second – threonine except for corn, at which second limiting amino-acid is tryptophan, and at raps and sunflower meal – leucine.

Key word: Feeding of pigs, amino-acids, protein, ideal protein, compound feeds.

Estimation of full value of protein food value of forages for pigs.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Assessment of preservation of quail egg-laying flock during exploiting by the use of nanosilver

UDC 598.261.7:636.082.46

L. Patryeva, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, professor
V. Groza, Phd
Mykolayiv National Agrarian University

Preservation of egg-laying quails during 5 months of productive period by the use of the drug “Argenvit” in various concentrations has been estimated. It has been found that the use of drug nanosilver in the concentration 0,02% and 0,03% gives the best results, increasing the preservation of the flock by 6,7%.

Key words: egg-laying quails, preservation, nanosilver, the drug “Argenvit”.

Assessment of preservation of quail egg-laying flock during exploiting by the use of nanosilver.

1. Borisevich V. Complex exogenous and endogenous disinfectant “Sumer silver” in growing broilers / V. Borisevich, V. Kaplunenko, M. Kosinov // Proceedings of XII Eng. Conference poultry with international participation “Actual problems of modern poultry farming”. – Kharkiv, 2011. – P. 45-50.
2. Busol V. Influence of nanocomprising complex Ag-Cu on physiological parameters and performance quail [electronic resource] / V. Busol, M. Sytnik – Access: http://elibrary. nubip. edu. ua/15990/1/12bvo. pdf.
3. Bernavsky Z. Colloidal silver is a natural substitute of antibiotics / Z. Bernavsky. – Moscow : Korall Club,2006. – 21 p.
4. Groza V. Testing of disinfectant “Argenvit” in the poultry enterprise / V. Groza // Poultry: science coll. / Kharkiv: IT NAAS,2013. – Vol. 69. – P. 80-84.
5. Pat. 95309 Ukraine, IPC A 23 K 1/22 (2006. 01). Method of improving the preservation of quail / L. Patryeva, V. Groza; patent owner is Mykolayiv National Agrarian University. – № u201404276; appl. 04/22/2014; publ. 25. 12. 2014, Bull. № 24,2014.
6. Shatova D. The use of colloidal silver to enhance the safety of poultry [Electronic resource] / D. Shatova, E. Zynyna // V International students’ electronic scientific conference “Students’ Scientific Forum 2014”. – Access mode. – Access: http://www. scienceforum. ru/2014/660/3744.
7. Shuliak S. The ability of colloidal silver to cumulation by organs and tissues for the full cycle of growing quail / S. Shuliak, D. Zasyekin // Veterinary Medicine of Ukraine. – 2013. – № 04 (204). – P. 35-37.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

The national food quality systems in Poland

UDC 637.072

R. Palyvoda
Bydgoszcz, Poland

We studied modern systems of food quality in Poland, analysis of factors contributing to the growth of the production of high-quality dairy and meat cattle breeding, pig breeding, poultry farming.
It has been established that the national food quality systems give Poland the opportunity to take a leading position in global food production. Implementation of the Union veterinary and hygiene standards in the process of obtaining, storage and transportation of milk, as well as their strict observance led to the improvement of the quality of milk, and the restructuring of its production contributed to the growth of commodity production. European quality and relatively low price of the Polish dairy products makes it competitive in the EU internal market and on foreign markets.
Poland is one of the largest producers of red meat in the EU.
Production of live poultry is the most intense focus of livestock in the country. Poland is the largest producer of geese in Europe.
Used production lines, as well as long-standing Polish tradition and practice of processing facilities allow to obtain meat products having diverse and exceptional qualities adapted to the differentiated needs of consumers.

Key words: Poland, quality, nutritional products, factors of production growth.

The national food quality systems in Poland.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Mass and linear growth of repair on heifers with different stake of genotype in Holstein breed.

UDC 636.2.034

Т. Pavlova


The results of this study aim to establish the effect on the Holstein breed of the intensity of mass and linear growth of heifers in the RUE herd “Uchkhoz BSAA. ” There were no significant differences between different genotypes on body weight and the average daily gain is not set.
It was found that with increasing the breed for Holstein heifers throughout the growing season increases the height at the width. So in 16 months with the rock chicks 87. 5-100% had a height of 130. 3 cm at the withers, which is 4. 3 cm higher than that of peers with the species and less than 50% (P = 0. 95).
A clear pattern of increasing oblique body length with increasing breed. For 16 months the heifers to intermarry 87. 5-100% significantly outperformed peers with the rock 50% and less than 6. 6 cm (P = 0. 99), while the length of the trunk slanting first was 152. 2 cm, and the second – 145. 6 cm.
With the increase of breed for Holstein heifers increases index prolixity, ie animals with a greater proportion of genotype on the Holsteins have a greater relationship between body length and height. These animals are longer and higher in all stages of development.
Sbitosti index decreases with increasing the proportion of Holstein genotype, animals with a low proportion of genotype Holstein are more massive and short. For animals with high intermarry in 16 months, the index has sbitosti 115. 2% versus 120. 5% in animals with low intermarry.
Most chicks are maturing with the species for Holsteins and 87. 5% higher – 15. 7 months, the animals of the other two groups were inseminated at the age of 16. 1 a month.
There is a tendency to improve the quality of exterior heifers with increasing breed for Holsteins.

Key words: repair heifer, breed, Holstein, measurements, body weight, exterior, maturity, integrity.

Mass and linear growth of repair heifers with the different stake of genotype on a Holstein breed.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Indices of the slaughter of youngsters quails and the use feed with different levels of arginine.

UDC 636.

А. Omelian, postgraduate
National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine


Our attention was drawn to an important biological value of arginine. Arginine performs the role of building blocks of proteins and polypeptides, regulate key metabolic pathways that are necessary for maintenance, growth, reproduction, and immunity. Arginine is one of the most versatile amino acids in animal cells. It is required for the synthesis of several compounds, such as ornithine, polyamines (spermidine, spermine, and putrescine), proline, creatine, protein, nitric oxide, and citrulline, besides glutamate and agmatine in mammals. Arginine is also a powerful secretagogue, increasing the release of insulin, the growth hormone, and IGF-I in the blood stream. For birds this amino acid is indispensable. The basis of mixed fodders for quails lacks the arginine grain. So the introduction of its synthetic counterpart is a prerequisite for effective production of poultry meat. Experiments were carried out at an experimental base for problem research laboratory of feed additives at the Department animal feeding and feed technology named after P. D. Pshenychnuy of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. For this experiment, we used the breed Pharaoh. We investigated the impact of different levels of arginine in mix fodder on indicators of slaughter of youngsters quails of meat production . We found that feeding quails aged 1-35 days of feed containing 1. 66% arginine increases the quails weight before slaughter by 3%. The aim of this research is to establish the optimal level of arginine in the fodder for young quails by comparing their parameters of slaughter. The results of our investigation have practical value and can be used for work of poultry house.

Key words: quails, amino acids, arginine, mixed fodder, indexes of slaughter, the yield of edible parts.

Indices of slaughter youngsters quails on condition of use feed with different levels of arginine.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Ways of increasing the productivity of pigs

UDC 636.4.085.27

O. Karunskyi, Doctor of Agrarian Sciences, Professor
I. Nikolenko, postgraduate student
Odessa State Agrarian University

Many people know that Ukraine has always been famous as a “breadbasket of Europe” and this directly facilitated the farmers who breed animals. But with the constant acceleration of new technological developments, the high-level of our land’s fertility becomes inadequate. That’s why more and more new challenges are put before the scientists.
So in order to be competitive not only against neighboring countries but also further abroad, extremely detailed and difficult work must be done to explore all possible means to improve productivity of animal husbandry. One of the experiments to increase the productivity of pigs of Large White breed were conducted at the enterprise of LLC “Avangard-D” in Ovidiopol Region, Odessa Oblast. To conduct this experiment the enzyme preparation of “Lisocyme” was administered to animals. This preparation is in a form of crystalline white powder, odorless and with a weak sweet taste. Lysozyme monomer exhibits strong antibacterial activity against Gram-positive organisms. This phenomenon has found a practical application in the food processing industry, in medicine and pharmaceutical industry. The use of lysozyme in the food processing industry is connected primarily with its application as a natural preservative. The enzyme is widely used as a preservative for meat, fish and their products, for milk and dairy products, as well as for fruit and vegetables. The pharmaceutical industry uses this enzyme in the manufacture of adjuvant drugs for antibiotics and analgesics for viral and bacterial infections, in the treatment of leukemia and neoplastic diseases. Lysozyme is also used as a diagnostic agent, being an indicator of the occurrence and the progression of pathological changes in humans and animals.
The work was done over the different age groups of animals of this breed to determine the effect of this preparation at all stages of pigs development.

Key words: productivity, premix, feeding, pigs, enzyme preparation of “Lisocyme”.

Ways of increase of the productivity of pigs.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Growing ecologically safe areas for agricultural animals to forage

UDC 636.085:574:502.654/.654:631.6

N. Nebilitsa,
O. Vaschenko,
Y. Kryvda,
Y. Meleshko


The production of environmentally safe and organic food products is the most important problem in the world today. The successful solution of the problem of “healthy” food depends on the creation of a stable base of production of quality agricultural products.
To date, Ukraine has not formed a complete organic production infrastructure that would ensure free and transparent movement of organic material in the chain from feed production to finished product. The range of national organic products on the market is represented mainly by crop products, namely cereals, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables. Unfortunately, organic production in Ukraine is not so well developed.
Today in Ukraine a completely ‘sterile’ area is not possible, due to Geosphere transfer of pollutants, prolonged use of intensive farming systems using ultra-high doses of fertilizers and pesticides.
Producing ecological livestock feed is impossible without the appropriate high quality materials. In Denmark, there are many potential producers of ecological products, which cannot begin production of ecological pork, which is in high demand because of the lack of environmental feed. In many countries the shortage of feed is the biggest obstacle to obtaining ecological products from animals.
One of the causes of environmental pollution with heavy metals is the uncontrolled use of fertilizers in agriculture. These agrarians often use methods that prevent their accumulation in the soil. In particular it is producing- inactivators (ion exchange resins), which form a metal chelate compounds with good astringent properties.
After analyzing our research we discovered that a suitable area for growing organic products is in the Cherkassy region, in the mainly arable land Drabivskiy, Zolotoniyskiy and Chornobai regions. Remaining land areas belonging to the classes is limited and risky.
For the remediation of contaminated soils and their further use for growing organic feeds to carry-out a number of reclamation activities using rational scheme of rotation.

Key words: safe feed, livestock, soil pollution, heavy metals, radionuclides, pesticides.

Growing ecologically of safe forages for agricultural animals.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Identification and analysis of hazards in the production of sour cream

UDC 637.053/.055

I. Nazarenko

In modern times in the food industry the problem of producing high-quality and safe products for people, especially dairy products becomes more perceptible. Currently most specialists examine the НАССР system to check for dangerous factors, which enables them to guarantee the production of safe goods for comsumers. Using the НАССР system to enables the removal of dangerous factors or limits them to the reasonable levels. Critical points, or dangerous factors in the НАССР system are controlled for food safety management.
The aim of this  work is to reduce potentially dangerous factors in the production of sour cream .
In scientific literature there are publications in relation to an analysis potentially of dangerous factors in the production of dairy products.
Authentication of dangerous factors was conducted by analyzing raw material, ingredients, packing and stages in the technological process. Then conducted the analysis of the dangerous factors on a three-ball scale: high degree (3 points), middle degree (2 points), zero degree (1 point). Then it was checked to see whether each dangerous factor had been controlled fully , by the application of procedures GMP/GHP.
In understanding the CCT cream production process this research aimed at resolving safety issues and provides information on how best to control hazards in the process.
Prospects for further research.The development of special-crust huvalnyh actions that will eliminate deviations and provide proper disposal of products in which the deviation occurred. Methods of eliminating rejections and waste products must be documented in the system HACCP.

Key words: HACCP system, dangerous factors, critical control point.

Identification and analysis of hazards in the production of sour cream.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Ectoparasites as a factor of worsening biotsafety in poultry farming.

UDC 619:614.449

A. Berezovskiy,
L. Nagornaya


This article presents data demonstrating the contamination of temporary and permanent ectoparasites in birds sampled in the poultry houses with equipment directly from stock, for contamination with pathogens of infectious diseases, persisting in poultry farms. It proved to be transmissible infectious agent’s malofag poultry and red chicken mite.
When conducting microbiological research, homogenate were isolated as well as ectoparasites, establishing the following microbiological picture of separate cultures of Enterobacteriaceae – E. coli, staphylococcus – S. aureus, S. gallinarum, S. epidermidis, S. saprophyticus; streptococci – S. pneumoniae, S. faecalis. The homogenate of chicken mites allocated all of the above microorganisms, while culture homogenate contained malofag Enterobacteriaceae E. coli and streptococci – S. pneumoniae, S. faecalis. Our results indicate the great significance of ectoparasites in the spread of infectious diseases, since the release of poultry from parasitic entomofauna will reduce the risk of outbreaks among livestock effecting economic development.
As a result of this experiment it is shown that temporary and permanent ectoparasites of birds, in particular the red chicken mite Dermanyssus gallinae and mallofagb land birds (chickens and turkeys), selected in most poultry houses (Dermanyssus gallinae), and directly c birds (mallofag) are carriers of pathogenic coccal microflora: Escherichia, staphylococcus and streptococcus.

Key words: temporary and permanent ectoparasites of birds, insect contamination, biosecurity of poultry farms, the pathogens of infectious diseases.

Ectoparasites as factors of worsening of biotsafety in the conditions of poultry farmings enterprises.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016

Physico-chemical and microbiological examination of fish affected by the larvae of the nematode Eustrongylides excicus..

UDC 619:639.3.09:576.895.132:637.0731/.075

O. Morgun,
N. Soroka


Two groups of Gobiidae underwent physico-chemical and microbiological research with 5 specimen in each of them (a control group containing healthy fish and an experimental group-infested with nematodes E. excicus). Changes in moisture, fat and concentration of hydrogen ions were revealed. The results of microbiological research taken from Gobiidae muscular tissue impression smears from both control and experimental groups didn’t reveal any valuable changes. While conducting Bacteriological research of bacteria E. coli in control and experimental groups no trace of pathogenic microorganisms were found as well as salmonella S. аureus,
L. monocygenes. The quantity of mesole-aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms equaled to 3,5×104 in both groups. Therefore, the research revealed high percentage of Gobiidae infestation with parasite E. еxcises (the intensity of invasion was 67%) which first of all tampers with quality of material. Because of the fact that all the revealed parasites were alive, consuming this fish could be dangerous. Further study as well as histological and chemical analysis are necessary although the intensity of fish infestation in 2 to 5 parasites didn’t alter bacteriological and physico-chemical indexes of quality.

Key words: Gobiidae, larvae of Eustrongylides exсisus, muscle tissue.

Physico-chemical and microbiological examination of fish affected by the larvae of the nematode Eustrongylides ехсіѕиѕ.

Issue 2(90), Part 2, 2016