The article reveals the essence of the organizational and economic mechanism for the development of construction in rural areas, and it was also found out that solving the problem of the development of construction in rural area is among the priorities of the national agrarian policy. An analysis of the scientific literature on the category “organizational and economic mechanism” has been carried out and the use for various purposes and for various processes was found out. Two fundamental levers of influence of the investigated mechanism were revealed: organizational and economic, each of which performs a number of specialized operations. For example, the economic component includes lending and financial support for the development and implementation of construction projects in rural areas, organizational – the choice of tools to regulate the development of construction in rural areas, etc. These components complement each other and in their interaction form a new system quality. It was found that the formation of such interaction should be carried out on scientifically based principles such as complexity, efficiency, effectiveness, systemacity, transparency, democratism, etc. Thus, it can be argued that the organizational and economic mechanism for the development of construction in rural areas as a system forms a structure, which determines the constant connections and relationships in it, as well as the main directions of control influence. The need for its effective functioning in rural areas will create conditions for highly productive work for its residents and will form social, household and cultural amenities for life and recreation.
Key words: organizational and economic mechanism, construction, rural areas, socio-economic development, national agrarian policy.