UDC 636. 92
A. Pogorelova, A. Kotsiybenko.
Providing the population with food products of high quality in modern society is one of the most important tasks. The main road to solving this problem lies in the intensive development of livestock including rabbits.
The paper is an analysis of product yield rabbits slaughtered at different ages. The data on lipid and amino acid composition of meat rabbits showed a significant difference with biochemical and morphological structure of rabbits, depending on the age of slaughter. The most valuable for the amino acid composition of meat and ‘zhyrokyslotnym povnovikovyh’ rabbits and calves slaughtered in the 120-day age. In adult rabbit meat increases fat by 3. 1 times and 13. 7% decreases the amount of water compared to the 90-day youngsters.
Accordingly, it should be noted that the age of rabbits significantly change the amount of meat and internal fat. Value is the share of physiological systems is almost unchanged over the life of the animal. The most complete chemical composition of a rabbit and the fat in rabbits, are in those that have reached their full physiological development. With physiological maturity, the carcass of rabbits composition changes in the direction of increasing the number of fatty acids.
Growing rabbits in units “Rabbitaks-8” allows you to receive high-quality, environmentally friendly rabbit products. In the future we plan to investigate the effect of sex and castration on the biochemical composition of different ages in rabbit slaughter.
Key words: rabbit, bird, biochemical composition, morphological structure, composition zhyrokyslotnyy.