Shebanina E., Shapovalova I., Tverdovska A. The role of crop production regulation in improving the competitiveness of the agricultural sector of the Ukrainian economy

UDC 631.11:633/635:334


O. Shebanina

I. Shapovalova

A. Tverdovska


It is revealed that the crop production is the basis for the formation of a competitive agrarian sector of the Ukrainian economy.The plant products are the source of financial resources for domestic economic entities in the countryside, ensure a constant increase in export revenues, which, as a result, helps to fill the state budget of Ukraine.It has been established that the market, the state and non-governmental and public organizations have a regulatory influence on the development of crop production.It is concluded, that the state regulates the development of crop production, the use of instruments of such types of economic policy: foreign economic, investment, scientific, technical and innovative, price, fiscal. It is stated that the non-state regulation of the crop industries indirectly influences its development and is carried out by non-state, including public organizations. The discussion points  in assessing the competitiveness of the domestic agricultural sector at national and international level are given. It is made the assumption that the agrarian sector of Ukraine has problematic aspects in its development, therefore, it is necessary to improve the current system of regulation of the branches of crop production, as the basis of domestic agriculture. It is emphasized that the parity interaction between public authorities, non-governmental structures in the agrarian sector and the agrarian business itself will improve the system of regulation of crop production in Ukraine, will help to increase the efficiency of production and marketing of crop production, will help to development the infrastructure of the agricultural market, and will help to ensure the competitiveness of the domestic agrarian sector. In this context, it is presented the division of responsibilities between state authorities, agrarian business and non-governmental organizations in the agrarian sector in the process of realization of the economic policy of the state. The main tendencies of development of the domestic agricultural insurance market as one of the most unregulated directions of ensuring the competitiveness of the domestic agrarian sector are presented. In order to eliminate discussions that prevent crop producers from insuring their crops and their products, it is proposed to use the world experience of managing agricultural insurance risk insurance and providing state support in the process of securing agricultural businesses.

Keywords: combined machine, technological scheme of the machine, structure of the machine, technological process, tillage, grinding and incorporation of plant residues.


  1. Indeks sil`s`kogospodars`koyi produkciyi u 2019 roci (2019). Derzhavna sluzhba staty`sty`ky`. URL:
  2. Sil`s`ke gospodarstvo Ukrayiny` 2018 (2019). Derzhavna sluzhba staty`sty`ky`. URL:
  3. Lozy`ns`ka T.M. (2006). Derzhavna pidtry`mka sil`s`kogo gospodars`va u konteksti formuvannya prodovol`choyibezpeky`. Teoriya ta prakty`kaderzhavnogoupravlinnya: zb. nauk. pracz`. 3 (15), 115 –123
  4. Shvajka L.A. (2008). Derzhavne regulyuvannya ekonomiky`. Pidruchny`k. 462 s.
  5. Petti U., Smit A., Rikardo D., KejnsDzh., Fridmen M. M. (2000). Klassikajekonomicheskojmysli: Sochinenija. 896 s.
  6. Gry`n`ova V.M., Novikova M.M. Derzhavne regulyuvanny aekonomiky`. Pidruchny`k. 398 s.
  7. Didkivs`ka L.I. (2003). Derzhavne regulyuvannya ekonomiky`. Navchal`ny`jposibny`k. 214 s.
  8. Ty`mofiyeva G.S. (2011). Regulyuvannya rozvy`tku galuzej rosly`nny`tczva ta jogo vply`v na konkurentospromozhnist` agrarny`x pidpry`yemstv :dy`s. … kand. ekon. nauk: 08.00.04 – ekonomika ta upravlinnyapidpry`yemstvamy` (zavy`damy` ekonomichnoyidiyal`nosti). 206 s.
  9. Skorobagatova N.Ye (2016). Konkurentospromozhnist` galuzi v umovax yevrointegracijny`x procesiv. Aktual`n iproblemy` ekonomiky` ta upravlinnya, 10.
  10. Grupa Vsesvitnij bank. URL: World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved
  11. Agricultural potential to improve global food security. (2017). The bleyzer foundation. URL:
  12. Lagutin V. (2017) Ekonomichnapolity`ky` derzhavy` ta efekty` yiyirealizaciyi. Visny`k KNTEU, 7. 5–21
  13. Regional`natorgovo-promy`slovapalataMy`kolayivs`koyioblasti. – Oficijny`jsajt. URL:
  14. GO «Agrarny`jsoyuzukrayiny`». Oficijny`jsajt. URL:
  15. Stan finansuvannya program pidtry`mky` APK u 2018 roci. (2019). Informacijno-anality`chny`j portal APK Ukrayiny`. URL:
  16. Ry`nokagrostraxuvannyaUkrayiny`. (2018). Agarny`jty`zhden` Ukrayiny`: Vseukrayins`ky`jinformacijno-anality`chny`jzhurnal. URL:



Shebanina O., Kormyshkin Yu. The modern paradigm of innovative development of agricultural entrepreneurship

UDC 338.432:334.722


O. Shebanina

Yu. Kormyshkin


The article examines modern approaches to innovative development of agrarian entrepreneurship. It is determined that in modern economic conditions the innovative activity is the determining vector of agrarian entrepreneurship development.  At the same time, insufficient level of financing of innovative projects, high risk of conducting innovative activity and low level of commercialization of scientific development impede the transition of enterprises to the model of innovative development. It is established that the creative and innovative function is the determining function of agrarian entrepreneurship, which provides for the implementation of new ideas, the implementation of scientific and technical developments and projects, the introduction of new technologies, the use of marketing techniques to conquer markets.  In the course of the research the peculiarities of innovative development of economic entities of the agricultural sector of the economy were identified. It is substantiated that today the agrarian sector and the IT industry in Ukraine have considerable potential.

Today, IT companies are emerging for which the agricultural sector is leading the way and is concentrating its own resources on developing agribusiness solutions.  Examples of such companies are Bvblogic (Ivano-Frankivsk) and Agtech in Ukraine.  Eight key areas of IT innovation in the agricultural sector have been identified: cartography; logistics solutions; monitoring of a technopark; analytics and planning; specialized CRM and HRM systems; analytics and rational decision making; health and quality monitoring; mobility.

It is proved that the main task of modern higher education institutions is to promote the development of different types of innovative thinking: paradigmatic; conceptual; technological; ideological and methodological; predictive; modeling; combinatorial. Education and science form the infrastructural support of agricultural entrepreneurship, which, in addition to institutions of higher education and scientific institutions, technoparks, technopolis, incubators, scientific-industrial complexes (consortia), clusters, business schools, scientific-intellectual exchanges, etc. are components. It is substantiated that further development of agrarian education should be directed by the vector of self-organization of higher education institutions to institutions of innovative type, their activity will be oriented towards the development of education and science as a defining resource of a new knowledge-based economy.  It is proved that operating subsystems and dynamic subsystems are predominant for innovative type universities.

It is determined that in the context of integration into the European educational space, it is important to strengthen the strategic partnership between higher education institutions, research institutions and enterprises, which will facilitate the harmonization of education-science-production in the process of training highly qualified personnel.  We believe that the most successful organizational form is the creation of consortia, following the example of the Scientific and Production Consortium “Yuzhny”, which included 7 research institutions, 5 agricultural institutions of higher education and 22 industrial enterprises of Ukraine.

Keywords: agrarian entrepreneurship, education and science, innovations, innovative development, innovative solutions.

O. V. Shebanina, A. I. Burkovska. Regulation of production capacity of agricultural production on the basis of food security indicators.

UDC 338.121

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-1

O. V. Shebanina
A. I. Burkovska

Abstract. The article analyzes the state of food security in Ukraine on the basis of its main indicators. The index of self-sufficiency of the state by the main types of food was researched and the conclusion about decreasing of the level of self-sufficiency of Ukraine by such types of food products as milk and dairy products, as well as fruits, berries and grapes among other commodity groups was made. Significant increase in the level of self-sufficiency of Ukraine by groups of goods, the domestic production of which previously did not meet the full volume of consumer needs, which is typical for the production of meat and meat products, as well as potatoes, was fixed. It was made a conclusion on the high level of food independence from imports in Ukraine on the basis of calculated indicators of the capacity of the domestic market of individual products and their comparison with the volumes of imports of the corresponding product groups. The analysis of indicators of the diet value is conducted, which allows us to make a conclusion about the state of satisfaction of the population needs in a balanced set of food products. A more complete description of the adequacy of the diet was obtained by defining indicators of the availability of basic foodstuffs for citizens. The factor model of the grain in the state reserves dependence on the volume of reserving and volumes of domestic consumption of grain by the population is developed. Determination of the level of energy nutrition sufficiency in the average daily diet of the population by regions of Ukraine has been determined and the tendency of reduction of the investigated indicator during the estimated period in all regions of the state has been recorded. The regression analysis of the factors influence on the yield of grain crops is used to assess the efficiency of land and capital use.

Key words: food safety, consumption, production, imports, energy nutrition, food self-sufficiency, capacity of the domestic market, daily average diet of the population.


  1. Dave D Weatherspoon Understanding consumer preferences for nutrition foods: Retailing strategies in a food desert / Dave D Weatherspoon, James F Oehmke, Marcus A Coleman, Lorraine J Weatherspoon // International Food and Agribusiness Management Review. — 2015. — No 17. — P. 61-82.
  2. Lenore Newman Landscapes of food production in agriburbia: Farmland protection and local food movements in British Columbia / Lenore Newman, Lisa Jordan Powell, Hannah Wittman // Journal of Rural Studies. — 2015. — No 39. — P. 99-110.
  3. Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla Food security and trade negotiations in the World Trade Organization / Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla, Marcelle Thomas, Sherman Robinson, Andrea Cattaneo // TMD discussion papers. — 2000. — No 59. — P. 127-139.
  4. Andrew J Challinor Crops and climate change: progress, trends, and challenges in simulation impacts and informing adaptation / Andrew J Challinor, Frank Ewert, Steve Arnold, Elisabeth Simelton, Evan Fraser // Journal of experimental botany. — 2009. — Volume 60. — No 10. — P. 2775-2789.
  5. Sarah J Gurr Engineering plants with increased disease resistance: what are we going to express / Sarah J Gurr, Paul J Rushton // Trends in Biotechnology. — 2005. — Volume 23. — No 6. — P. 275-282.
  6. Kotykova O. An indication of the sustainable development of Ukraine in global dimentions / Olena Kotykova, Oleksii Albeshchenko // Baltic Journal of Economic Studies. — 2017. — Volume 3. — No 5. — P. 196-202.
  7. Postanova KMU «Deiaki pytannia prodovolchoi bezpeky» [Elektronnyi resurs]. — Rezhym dostupu: .
  8. Statystychnyi zbirnyk «Balansi ta spojivannya osnovnih produktіv harchuvannya naselennyam Ukrainy» za redaktsiieiu Prokopenko O. M. — Kyiv: Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. — 2018 — 59 s.
  9. Shebanina O. The investment in the meat sector in the context of food security in Ukraine / Olena Shebanina, Oksana Golubeva, Anna Burkovska, Gediminas Radzevičius // Managemen Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development. — 2018. — Volume 40. — No 3. — P. 393-402.
  10. Statystychnyi zbirnyk «Silske hospodarstvo Mykolaivshchyny» za redaktsiieiu Kovaliuk O. H. — Mykolaiv: Holovne upravlinnia statystyky u Mykolaivskii oblasti. — 2017 r. — 271

O. Shebanina. Investment progects and country`s food security guarantee

UDC 338.262

O. Shebanina

Abstract. The article determines the indicators of country`s food security and determines the level of food consumption adequacy in Ukraine as a whole and in the Mykolayiv region in particular. A comparison of the national and regional state of the food security with the basic indicator was made; the dynamics of changes in consumption adequacy in the region for the period under the study was analyzed. The weaknesses in the current state of the food security by the individual food groups, consumption of which does not meet rationally established norms, are revealed, and the ways of their elimination are proposed. The forecasts of milk consumption and dairy products consumption for 2020 according to the forecast population of Ukraine and normative volumes of consumption are developed. The forecast of the volume of milk and milk products production for 2020 is used, which compared with the projected volume of normative consumption, allows us to obtain the amount of milk and dairy products lacking in the diet of the population, to confirm the results obtained earlier and to evaluate the models used during the research. The article determines the need of investments in 2020 for the production of milk and dairy products in the necessary amount that satisfies the population`s needs in milk. It is based on the rationally defined norms established by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine is determined. Based on the normative documents that regulate the legal and organizational framework for ensuring the safety and the quality of milk and milk products for life and health of the population and the environment, promising directions of investment for realization of projects on production, transportation, processing, storage, sale of milk and dairy products; development of nationwide programs for the development of breeding and breeding business, as well as improvement of packaging and labeling of products that will improve the state of the food security in Ukraine as a whole and in particular regions are offered. It was emphasized the importance of increasing the export of dairy products including casein, skimmed milk and whole milk, which would allow to receive an additional foreign exchange earnings for the implementation of the quality projects.

Keywords: development projects, investments, food safety, consumption adequacy indicator, forecast model, milk production and dairy products, fixed assets, investment needs.


  1.  Dejaki pytannja prodovoljchoji bezpeky [Elektronnyj resurs] : postanova KMU. – Rezhym dostupu : .
  2. Siljsjke ghospodarstvo Ukrajiny : statystychnyj zbirnyk / za redakcijeju Prokopenko O. M. – K. : Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrajiny, 2017 . – 244 s.
  3. Zvit pro stan prodovoljchoji bezpeky Ukrajiny [Elektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhym dostupu : .
  4. Siljsjke ghospodarstvo Mykolajivshhyny : statystychnyj zbirnyk / za redakcijeju Kovaljuk O. Gh. – Mykolajiv : Gholovne upravlinnja statystyky u Mykolajivsjkij oblasti. – 2017 r. – 271 s.
  5. Chyseljnistj najavnogho naselennja Ukrajiny [Elektronnyj resurs] : oficijnyj sajt Derzhavnoji sluzhby statystyky Ukrajiny. – Rezhym dostupu :
  6. Metodychni rekomendaciji z obgruntuvannja normatyvnoji potreby osnovnykh zasobiv na vyrobnyctvo siljsjkoghospodarsjkoji produkciji / [Zakharchuk O. V., Gherun M. I., Moghylova M. M. ta in.]  – K. : NNC «IAE», 2016. – 60 s.
  7. Pro moloko ta molochni produkty [Elektronnyj resurs] : Zakon Ukrajiny. – Rezhym dostupu :
  8. Birzhovyj visnyk / za redakcijeju Dovghoteles O. – K. : Kyjivsjka aghropromyslova birzha, 2017 r. – 12 s.

Удосконалення механізму експортно-імпортних операцій аграрних підприємств Миколаївської області з країнами СНД

Номер, рік
3(73), 2013


О.В. Шебаніна, доктор економічних наук, професор
Р.В. Данильченко, здобувач
Т.М. Борисова, магістр
Миколаївський національний аграрний університет

У статті висвітлено сучасний стан експортно-імпортних операцій в аграрному секторі економіки Миколаївської області. Досліджено особливості процесу міжнародної торгівлі між підприємствами Миколаївської області та країнами СНД, а також фактори, що впливають на її кінцевий результат для кожної зі сторін. Запропоновано шляхи ефективного розвитку зовнішньоторговельних операцій.

Ключові слова
експорт, імпорт, сільськогосподарська продукція, інвестиції