O. V. Shebanina, A. I. Burkovska. Regulation of production capacity of agricultural production on the basis of food security indicators.

UDC 338.121

DOI: 10.31521/2313-092X/2018-3(99)-1

O. V. Shebanina
A. I. Burkovska

Abstract. The article analyzes the state of food security in Ukraine on the basis of its main indicators. The index of self-sufficiency of the state by the main types of food was researched and the conclusion about decreasing of the level of self-sufficiency of Ukraine by such types of food products as milk and dairy products, as well as fruits, berries and grapes among other commodity groups was made. Significant increase in the level of self-sufficiency of Ukraine by groups of goods, the domestic production of which previously did not meet the full volume of consumer needs, which is typical for the production of meat and meat products, as well as potatoes, was fixed. It was made a conclusion on the high level of food independence from imports in Ukraine on the basis of calculated indicators of the capacity of the domestic market of individual products and their comparison with the volumes of imports of the corresponding product groups. The analysis of indicators of the diet value is conducted, which allows us to make a conclusion about the state of satisfaction of the population needs in a balanced set of food products. A more complete description of the adequacy of the diet was obtained by defining indicators of the availability of basic foodstuffs for citizens. The factor model of the grain in the state reserves dependence on the volume of reserving and volumes of domestic consumption of grain by the population is developed. Determination of the level of energy nutrition sufficiency in the average daily diet of the population by regions of Ukraine has been determined and the tendency of reduction of the investigated indicator during the estimated period in all regions of the state has been recorded. The regression analysis of the factors influence on the yield of grain crops is used to assess the efficiency of land and capital use.

Key words: food safety, consumption, production, imports, energy nutrition, food self-sufficiency, capacity of the domestic market, daily average diet of the population.

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O. Shebanina. Investment progects and country`s food security guarantee

UDC 338.262

O. Shebanina

Abstract. The article determines the indicators of country`s food security and determines the level of food consumption adequacy in Ukraine as a whole and in the Mykolayiv region in particular. A comparison of the national and regional state of the food security with the basic indicator was made; the dynamics of changes in consumption adequacy in the region for the period under the study was analyzed. The weaknesses in the current state of the food security by the individual food groups, consumption of which does not meet rationally established norms, are revealed, and the ways of their elimination are proposed. The forecasts of milk consumption and dairy products consumption for 2020 according to the forecast population of Ukraine and normative volumes of consumption are developed. The forecast of the volume of milk and milk products production for 2020 is used, which compared with the projected volume of normative consumption, allows us to obtain the amount of milk and dairy products lacking in the diet of the population, to confirm the results obtained earlier and to evaluate the models used during the research. The article determines the need of investments in 2020 for the production of milk and dairy products in the necessary amount that satisfies the population`s needs in milk. It is based on the rationally defined norms established by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine is determined. Based on the normative documents that regulate the legal and organizational framework for ensuring the safety and the quality of milk and milk products for life and health of the population and the environment, promising directions of investment for realization of projects on production, transportation, processing, storage, sale of milk and dairy products; development of nationwide programs for the development of breeding and breeding business, as well as improvement of packaging and labeling of products that will improve the state of the food security in Ukraine as a whole and in particular regions are offered. It was emphasized the importance of increasing the export of dairy products including casein, skimmed milk and whole milk, which would allow to receive an additional foreign exchange earnings for the implementation of the quality projects.

Keywords: development projects, investments, food safety, consumption adequacy indicator, forecast model, milk production and dairy products, fixed assets, investment needs.

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Удосконалення механізму експортно-імпортних операцій аграрних підприємств Миколаївської області з країнами СНД

Номер, рік
3(73), 2013

УДК
339.56:631.11(477.73)

Автор
О.В. Шебаніна, доктор економічних наук, професор
Р.В. Данильченко, здобувач
Т.М. Борисова, магістр
Миколаївський національний аграрний університет

Анотація
У статті висвітлено сучасний стан експортно-імпортних операцій в аграрному секторі економіки Миколаївської області. Досліджено особливості процесу міжнародної торгівлі між підприємствами Миколаївської області та країнами СНД, а також фактори, що впливають на її кінцевий результат для кожної зі сторін. Запропоновано шляхи ефективного розвитку зовнішньоторговельних операцій.

Ключові слова
експорт, імпорт, сільськогосподарська продукція, інвестиції
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