Corresponding type environmentally balanced technologies as an alternative to animal husbandry sub-sectors intensive development ways

UNC 636.4.:614

V. Solyanik
S. Solyanik

Zoohygienic it is known that in modern pig farms receiving defective pork, as in amino acid composition as well as the ratio of fatty acids. This happened due to the intensification of genetics and selection process and feeding pigs. As a result – the level of average daily gain during fattening is 900-1200 g, lard thickness is 1-1,5 cm. Intensive growth does not allow to form pork be properly formed and degrades its quality. Under the influence of the human factor, as if under construction or operation, often abruptly change the conditions of feeding and maintenance, which leads to the outbreak of various diseases, decreased productivity, and keep the number of livestock. Therefore, for a specific manufacturer is economically advantageous to apply relevant to species technology of keeping and feeding, with one-time costs for the construction of permanent buildings not more than 200-300 USD/m2. Global agriculture cannot develop under the old scheme – a model for the development of intensive agriculture, used for the past 40 years, is no longer sustainable, and, therefore, need a “paradigm shift” in the field of food production. In the transition to sustainable agriculture, food systems in the world, first of all, should not undermine the natural resource base, i.e. a more rational to use them, in particular, water, energy and land resources, and secondly, to help reduce food waste; and thirdly, it must do much more to protect, conserve and restore natural resources, biodiversity and ecosystem function.