Legal-regulation of the state environmental policy

UDC 502.3.32

O. Al’beshenko, competitor

The basic ecological principles of state policy, determined the legal basis of environmental legislation, the main directions of environmental safety in connection with environmental degradation, worsening environmental problems and the need for approximation of environmental legislation to European and international law was formed in the article. Author has also been analyzed and defined the basic principles of the Paris Agreement, the goals and commitments of Ukraine in it.
The basic components of the mechanism of realization of the basic directions of the state environmental policy in environment protection, the use of natural resources and environmental safety was defined. The implementation of environmental policy involves the use of appropriate methods of gathering and processing, compilating of information for making management decisions. The use of presented methods allows to ground current needs and to form approaches for guarantee of the environmental safety of the state.
It is established that the goal of environmental policy is balance of human needs and nature and technology capacities through planned formation of environment, its quality would provide the possibility of society development in connection with environmental protection. State policy in the sphere of ecology, as well as any other field should be based on the effective regulatory system. During the information changes system must be flexible, therefore it is able to quickly respond to changes in the surrounding components and adapt to changes in the environment, it is an effective means of ensuring the environmental functions of the state.
The dependence of the state environmental safety on policy implementation at both national and global levels. National Environmental Policy as a legal category, expresses and summarizes knowledge about legal form of existence of regional environmental and legal relations, it provides qualitative certainty for legal scientific and theoretical understanding, sets fundamental structure of ecological and legal relations.

Key words: environmental policy, environmental safety, environmental legislation, environmental and legal relations, international law.

Legal-regulation of the state environmental policy.

Refereces:
1. Bilorus O. H. Hlobal’na perspektyva i stalyy rozvytok (Systemni marketol. doslidzh.) / O. H. Bilorus, Yu. M. Matseyko. – K. : MAUP, 2005. – 492 s.
2. Borshchuk Ye. M. Osnovy stiykoho rozvytku ekoloho-ekonomichnykh system / Ye. M. Borshchuk. – L’viv : Rastr-7, 2007. – 436 s.
3. Ekolohichne zakonodavstvo Ukrayiny [Elektronnyy resurs] // STUDENTAM.NET.UA. – Rezhym dostupu : http://studentam.net.ua/content/ view/5846/129/. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.
4. Pro Osnovni zasady (stratehiyu) derzhavnoyi ekolohichnoyi polityky Ukrayiny na period do 2020 roku [Elektronnyy resurs] : zakon Ukrayiny vid 21.12.2010 # 2818-VI / Verkhovna Rada Ukrayiny. – Rezhym dostupu : http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2818-17. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.
5. Tsabiyev O. M. Ekolohichna bezpeka : konspekt lektsiy dlya studentiv Enerhetychnoho instytutu fakhu 8.07.08.01 – ekolohiya ta okhorona navkolyshn’oho seredovyshcha / O. M. Tsabiyev, M. B. Byzova. – Odesa : Nauka i tekhnika, 2009. – 140 s. – Rezhym dostupu : https://books.google.com.ua/books?id=FgYHr6ChmwkC&pg=PA7&lpg=PA7&dq. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.
6. Ekolohichna bezpeka Ukrayiny [Elektronyy resurs] // Navchal’ni materialy onlayn. – Rezhym dostupu : http://pidruchniki.com/10290228/politologiya/ekologichna_ bezpeka_ukrayini. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.
7. Metody ekolohichnykh doslidzhen’ [Elektronnyy resurs] // Studopedyya. – Rezhym dostupu : http://studopedia.org/12-65299.html. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.
8. V Paryzhi rozrobleno tekst novoyi uhody zi zminy klimatu [Elektronnyy resurs] // Ministerstvo ekolohiyi ta pryrodnykh resursiv Ukrayiny. – Ofitsiynyy veb-sayt. – 2016. – Rezhym dostupu : http://www.menr.gov.ua/press-center/news/123-news1/4455-v-paryzhi-rozrobleno-tekst-novoi-uhody-zi-zminy-klimatu. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.
9. Ukrayina ofitsiyno pryyednalas’ do Paryz’koyi uhody po klimatu: Shcho tse oznachaye [Elektronnyy resurs] // Holovni novyny Ukrayiny shchodo politychnykh ta ekonomichnykh podiy. – Rezhym dostupu : http://ua.112.ua/statji/shcho-dlia-ukrainy-oznachaie-paryzka-uhoda-po-klimatu-holovni-punkty-324851.html. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.
10. Paryz’ka uhoda [Elektronnyy resurs] // Zelena khvylya. – Rezhym dostupu : http://ecoclubua.com/2016/01/paryzkyj-dohovir/. – Data ostann’oho dostupu : 19.12.2016.

Issue 4 (92), 2016

Indicators of formation economic security

UDC 338.43(477):339.9

O. Vyshnevska, Professor, Doctor of Economic Sciences
O. Кhrystenko, Master of Accounting and Finance Department
Mykolayiv National Agrarian University

A summary of the results of collective expert assessment of formation of indicators of economic security of the country in the interconnectedness of all influencing factors. Grounded priority of macroeconomic indicators and the food, social and demographic factors influence in ensuring the economic security of the country, taking into account the impact of globalization. It revealed the priority of monetary, foreign economic, fiscal and debt, investment and innovation indicators.
Creating conditions to guarantee economic security is the basis of its development, growth position in the global environment in terms of global competitiveness. That is why the priority indicators due importance from the perspective of each group in terms of impact on the competitive position of the state.
Determined that because of the influence of factors of global environment and internal threats related to the military conflict in the east, low GDP growth and effective demand, inflation, growth of external debt of the country, the state of the banking system and reduce world prices for commodity exports, the country’s position in the world ranking characterized by a decline in global competitiveness for 2016.
Provided that the basis for economic security are the macro-economic, food and social and demographic security, investigation of which is to guarantee monetary, fiscal and debt, investment and innovation, foreign security. Experts due to the need to assess the environmental indicator considering the growing impact of environmental threats and increased negative trends in the environment in all regions of the world.
As a result of peer review, which was conducted Masters Accounting and Finance Department, determined that the formation of the prerequisites to guarantee economic security has a significant impact food and macroeconomic factors, socio-demographic criteria. Ensuring economic security should be based on the implementation of systematic measures aimed at macroeconomic stabilization, creation of preconditions for improving living standards due to the growth rate of national economic development and strengthen the position in shaping food security and reduce import dependence.
Due to the conditions of guaranteeing national economic security by ensuring a balance of interests between the state and society taking into account the depth and scope of internal and external risks, including environmental issues.

Key words: economic security, globalization, economic risks national interests, the priority indicators.

Indicators of formation economic security.

Issue 4 (92), 2016

Adaptative approach guarantee in the state environmental safety

UDC 338.43(477):339.9

O. Vyshnevska, Doctor of Economics, Professor
N. Bobrovska, Candidate of Economics
Mykolayiv National Agrarian Universityа

The ground of global ecological problems is conducted, warning possibilities, neutralizations of ecological risks, are educed taking into account introduction of global ecological agreement. Effectiveness of adaptation approach is reasonable in guaranteeing of ecological safety of the state taking into account influence of global changes and tendencies.
It was proved that the current level of cooperation requires an adequate strategy of the international community in order to minimize environmental risks and to limit the negative impact on the ecosystem. Some important aspects of further development is the interest of the business environment in the implementation of environmental protection measures, imposing liability for environmental violations in need of strengthening control functions and increase social responsibility and environmental awareness.
The component trends of approximation strategic priorities had been identified in order to adapt to international and European legislation. It was proved that in order to preserve the environment and form ecological security of the state it is important to cooperate with international organizations in the spheres of the legislation. Approximation of Ukraine to the environmental norms of EU countries will jointly address pressing issues and provide opportunities of preserving the environment for future generations, which is a requirement of time.
Directions, constituents and terms of introduction of adaptation approach, are conditioned in guaranteeing of ecological safety of the state taking into account a depth and scales of ecological problems.

Key words: ecological safety, globalization, ecological problems of humanity, adaptation approach.

Adaptative approach guarantee in the state environmental safety.

Issue №3 (91), 2016

International law approximation in preservation and restoration of the environment

UDC 504.03:341.9

Vyshnevskaya O.M., Doctor of Economics, Professor
Bobrovskaya N.V., Candidate of Economics
Mykolayiv National Agrarian University

The article focuses on the process of harmonious development of mankind based on activation of greening industries, which leads to the adaptation of national environmental legislation to the international standards. It was proved that there is a strong necessity of urgent ensuring of the prerequisites in order to increase the liability of environmental damage.
The dependence of economic growth and the need for greening production in order to reduce the negative impact on the environment was grounded. It was revealed that under the current legislation of Ukraine environmental management regulates a number of key target-oriented approaches including national and regional conservation and restoration of natural resources with a view to environmental priorities in the development of industries and the preservation of the environment for future generations.
It was proved that the current level of cooperation requires an adequate strategy of the international community in order to minimize environmental risks and to limit the negative impact on the ecosystem. Some important aspects of further development is the interest of the business environment in the implementation of environmental protection measures, imposing liability for environmental violations in need of strengthening control functions and increase social responsibility and environmental awareness.
The component trends of approximation strategic priorities had been identified in order to adapt to international and European legislation. It was proved that in order to preserve the environment and form ecological security of the state it is important to cooperate with international organizations in the spheres of the legislation. Approximation of Ukraine to the environmental norms of EU countries will jointly address pressing issues and provide opportunities of preserving the environment for future generations, which is a requirement of time.

Keywords: approximation, adaptation, formation, legislation, environmental risks, environment, ecological network.

International law approximation in preservation and restoration of the environment

Referenses:
1. Borisova V.A. Reproduction of natural resource potential of AIC: Economic Aspects / V.A. Borisova. – Sumy, 2003. – p.372 .
2. Vyshnevska O.M. Natural resource basis of the agrarian sector’s development: theoretical and practical aspects: [monograph] / O.M. Vyshnevska, N.V. Bobrovska. – Mykolayiv, 2015. – p.180.
3. The official site of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine. – [Electronic resource] – Access: http://www.menr.gov.ua.
4. National Strategy of Ukraine’s approximation to EU law in the field of environmental protection. – Kyiv, 2015. – p.112.

Directions and components of ecological oriented development of counry’s economy

Number, year
3(79), Vol. 1, 2014
UNC 681.5.0171

Directions and components of ecological oriented development of counry’s economy

Vyshnevskaya O., Ph.D, professor
Mykolayiv National Agrarian University

 The article describes the components of the direction and development of the economy in order to create conditions for sustainable development. The necessity of implementing the strategy of environmental economic development in a systematic manner is grounded. The priority factors influencing the catalyzing action to preserve the environment were identified. Our research is directed at the grounding of components and potential opportunities to limit the negative impact on the environment, based on the consistency and comprehensiveness of the actions and their sequence. The study aims to learn the nature and components of the ecological security formation, identifying cause-and-effect relationships in the use of certain types of natural resources in order to minimize the negative impact of environmental risks through the activation of investment and innovation processes, improving the technological readiness and the implementation of innovative technological solutions in the economic spheres of Ukraine.

The purpose of the research is to ground the components and to reveal the ways of formation of ecologically oriented sectors of economy; to identify cause-and-effect relationships in using certain types of natural resources of researched areas to minimize the negative impact of environmental risks, ecosystems’ conservation, the strategic objectives and priorities’ grounding.

Methodology of research. There were used such scientific methods as theoretical generalization to explore the theoretical foundations and development components, taking into account the environmental priorities at the national and territorial levels; systematic approach to justify the ways of innovative development and increase the level of technological readiness of industries and relationships with guaranteeing of the state’s ecological security.

Findings. The paper considers the environmental priorities in economic development on the basis of stability. The necessity of introducing the system of national and regional programs for the conservation of ecosystems was proved. The priority factors influencing the formation of greening production, reducing environmental risks are identified. The need to implement systematic measures with a focus on investment and innovative development in order to increase the level of technological readiness of the economy and enhancing the implementation of innovative technological solutions is discussed. It was proved that the world globalization flows and economic, financial, social, environmental and other processes are the benchmarks of any national economy for the future. It was found that ignoring globalization changes and trends will limit the possibilities of obtaining benefits at the national level.

Originality. The close relationship with the innovative development of the country and its environmental priorities based on a systematic approach to the implementation of programs at the state and territorial levels is proved.

Practical value. The acquisition of new innovative solutions requires increased technological readiness and enhancing the intrusion in the economic sectors of the economy, taking into account the relevant guarantee the rights of investors. The integration of environmental priorities with the directions of economic sectors’ development is a prerequisite for the further formation of innovation oriented country, taking into account the needs of modern society in natural resources and their biological features’ preservation for future generations.

Keywords:
ecological oriented development, sustainable development, environmental consciousness.

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Конкурентні позиції сільськогосподарських підприємств

Номер, рік
1(77), 2014

УДК
636:338.439.4

Автор
О.М. Вишневська, доктор економічних наук
Миколаївський національний аграрний університет

Анотація
У статті розглянуто питання формування дієвої іміджевої політики сільськогосподарських підприємств з метою зміцнення конкурентних позицій на ринку. Обґрунтовано необхідність адаптації підприємств до умов зовнішнього середовища на системній основі. Виявлено пріоритетні чинники впливу на підвищення конкурентних позицій сільськогосподарських підприємств.

Ключові слова
чинники зовнішнього впливу, конкурентні позиції, іміджева діяльність, етика ведення бізнесу
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Сутність і складові економічної безпеки країни

Номер, том, рік
4(74), 1, 2013

УДК
657:351.863

Автор
О.М. Вишневська, доктор економічних наук
Миколаївський національний аграрний університет

Анотація
У статті представлено сутність і особливості, складові чинники поняття «економічна безпека». Обґрунтовано необхідність використання системного підходу щодо реалізації заходів на різних рівнях управління з метою забезпечення економічного розвитку країни і окремих її регіонів. Представлено складові і взаємозв’язок економічної безпеки і національної безпеки з урахуванням геоекономічних змін і тенденцій.

Ключові слова
геоекономіка, економічна безпека, національні інтереси, пріоритетні напрями розвитку, адаптація
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Напрями і складові вдосконалення методики оцінки зовнішнього середовища економічної системи

Номер, рік
3(73), 2013

УДК
636:338.439.4

Автор
О.М. Вишневська, доктор економічних наук
Миколаївський національний аграрний університет

Анотація
У статті розглянуто питання щодо напрямів і сутності методики оцінки зовнішнього середовища економічної системи. Обґрунтовано сутність і практичне використання методики BERI. На підставі експертної оцінки виявлено пріоритетні чинники впливу на розвиток економічної системи у контексті формування основ щодо сталого розвитку. Експертна оцінка проводилася групами експертів із метою вдосконалення існуючої методики.

Ключові слова
чинники зовнішнього впливу, експертна оцінка, сталий розвиток
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